Monument to Don Quixote and Sancho in Cervantes' Birthplace-Museum. Alcalá de Henares, Madrid. © Grupo Ciudades Patrimonio de la Humanidad de España.

Route of Don Quixote: Following in the footsteps of the greatest novel of all time

We're not exaggerating when we claim that Don Quixote of La Mancha is one of the most famous novels in the history of literature. This novel, which tells the adventures and (especially) misfortunes of a man who wanted to be a knight-errant through La Mancha, was written by Miguel de Cervantes in the 17th century, and it is said that it's the most translated book after the Bible. That period in Spanish literature is known as the Golden Age, and 400 years on we suggest following in the footsteps of the "Knight of the Sad Countenance", who could not distinguish fantasy from reality.

We hope you're ready, because you'll have to fight against windmills that are actually giants, try to win Dulcinea's heart, and taste dishes like "duelos and quebrantos" (chorizo and lamb brains sautéed with egg). Because it's not just a literary route – it's a journey through some of the most magical spots in Spain. The route we're suggesting is best done by car: it crosses 13 inland towns and lasts around seven days. But it's up to you to create that story. You choose the main characters and the length. The main plot is taken from what is possibly the greatest book of all time.

  • 1 Day 1: Alcalá de Henares
  • 2 Day 2: Madrid
  • 3 Day 3: Esquivias – Toledo
  • 4 Day 4: Consuegra – Alcázar de San Juan
  • 5 Day 5: Campo de Criptana – El Toboso
  • 6 Day 6: Argamasilla de Alba – Ossa de Montiel – Villanueva de los Infantes
  • 7 Day 7: Ciudad Real – Almagro

Day 1: Alcalá de Henares

The most obvious place to start our journey is Alcalá de Henares . Why? Because this town in the Region of Madrid is a World Heritage City and Cervantes' birthplace. That is, where it all began. You can start your visit in the high street, Calle Mayor , (and discover the interesting Corral de Comedias theatre ), then continue towards the beautiful Plaza de Cervantes square, and then visit the famous University .

Then we come to the highlight of the day: the Cervantes House-Museum . Some studies say that the author was born and spent his childhood here. You'll feel as if you're travelling back to the 16th and 17th centuries when you see this typical old house, with its kitchen, dining room, ladies' room and even a surgeon's office (the profession of Cervantes' father). You might also be able to attend one of the workshops or see one of the shows organised by this centre. By the way, the two statues at the entrance are the story's two main characters: Don Quixote and his squire, Sancho Panza. Fancy taking a selfie with them? After this special visit you can explore other monuments in Alcalá, like the Cathedral , and get your strength back by going out for tapas. This part of the day is always a hit! In the historic centre alone there are more than 25 places to have tapas. Order a drink and you'll also get a delicious typical tapa (included in the price). Then you can stay the night in Alcalá or travel to Madrid, which is 30 kilometres away.

Day 2: Madrid

If you decide to spend the night in Madrid , you can start exploring the city early in the morning. Here it depends what you prefer to do and how much time you have, because Madrid is Spain's largest city (and the capital), and you could easily spend a whole week here!

But if you don't have that much time on your hands and you need to choose an important place connected to Cervantes in Madrid, there is one: the Church and Convent of the Discalced Trinitarians (Calle Lope de Vega, 18). There is proof that this might be the place where Cervantes and his wife are buried, so you can visit the funerary monument that has been erected in his honour, and read a plaque that includes an excerpt from one of the author's works: "Time is brief, anxieties grow,/ hopes diminish/ and, with this,/ I carry out my life with my desire/ to live." There are other places connected to Cervantes in Madrid, like an inn, Casa Alberto (where Miguel de Cervantes wrote The Labours of Persiles and Sigismunda and the second part of Don Quixote); Juan de la Cuesta printer's (where the first edition of Don Quixote was printed in 1605); the National Library (where there is a copy of the first edition of Don Quixote); or Plaza de España square (where you can see statues dedicated to the author and his characters). The Council's tourist office (situated in Plaza Mayor ) organises guided tours.

Day 3: Esquivias – Toledo

Then we travel 40 kilometres to Esquivias (in the province of Toledo), where we can stop briefly. It's worth stopping because Cervantes' wife was born here, they got married here in 1584 and they lived in the town for a while in the so-called "Cervantes' house". Nowadays this house is a museum, which you can visit.

You only need to drive for half an hour and you'll get to Toledo , an amazing World Heritage City, known as the "City of the Three Cultures", because some of its monuments include the Cathedral , mosques like Cristo de la Luz and synagogues like Tránsito (which also houses the interesting Sephardic Museum). This city is a place not to be missed. For a stunning view of the city, we suggest visiting the Mirador del Valle viewpoint.

Day 4: Consuegra – Alcázar de San Juan

Our next stop is 60 kilometres from Toledo: Consuegra. There is a surprise in store: as you approach the town, you'll spot the famous windmills on the horizon. Or are they giants you need to fight, like Don Quixote thought because of his madness? You'll have to come and see for yourself.

We can assure you that you'll love going up to the top of the hill and taking in all the different colours, the endless plain and these windmills, which are some of the best preserved in Spain. They all have nicknames linked to Don Quixote, but one of the most important ones is "Sancho", because it still has all the 16th century machinery. If you want to see them inside, "Bolero" windmill is always open to the public. In Consuegra you can taste typical dishes of La Mancha: "gachas" (similar to porridge), "migas" (fried breadcrumbs) or "duelos y quebrantos" (chorizo and lamb brains sautéed with egg). About 30 minutes away by car we find Alcázar de San Juan . Cervantes was named this town's "favourite son", and they claim that he was baptised here (in the Parish of Santa María la Mayor). You'll love the windmills (don't miss the sunset from here) and its streets steeped in history, where you can imagine how the old noblemen lived. You can also visit the Hidalgo House Museum and the Cervantes Visitor Centre.  

Day 5: Campo de Criptana – El Toboso

Day 5 takes us to Campo de Criptan a (less than 10 kilometres away), which is also a "land of giants", because here you'll find its famous windmills, which apparently are the ones that truly inspired Cervantes when writing Don Quixote's adventures. There are guided tours all year round. You should recover your strength at lunch because afterwards we'll be off looking for love, and that's never an easy task! "Dulcinea del Toboso is the fairest woman in the world, and I the most unfortunate knight on earth; it is not fitting that this truth should suffer by my feebleness." This is how Don Quixote talks about his eternal love, the myth that he created: Dulcinea del Toboso.  

El Toboso actually exists (it's about 20 minutes by car from Campo de Criptana) and you can even visit the Dulcinea House-Museum , which recreates a typical 17th century large house from La Mancha and has 200 copies of the book signed by people from the world of politics and culture. Tradition has it that this house belonged to Ana Martínez Zarco de Morales ("Sweet Ana"), who inspired Cervantes to create Dulcinea. In Plaza Mayor square you'll find a monument that El Toboso dedicated to Dulcinea and her lover.  

Day 6: Argamasilla de Alba – Ossa de Montiel – Villanueva de los Infantes

50 kilometres away we find Argamasilla de Alba, where Medrano's house is a must. Why? Because Medrano Cave can be found here, where Cervantes was held prisoner. Legend has it that he started to write the adventures of Don Quixote here. Can you imagine being in the famous village of La Mancha, the name of which the narrator of Don Quixote had no desire to call to mind? There are many, however, who claim that this village in the book is in fact Villanueva de los Infantes.

Let's continue on our journey (50 kilometres this time) towards Ossa de Montiel, because near this town there are two places that are especially important in Don Quixote's adventures: the magical cave of Montesinos (where he experienced time in a different way) and the ruins of Rochafrida Castle. Bear in mind that if you want to visit the cave you will need to book in advance with an authorised company, so get information from a tourist office beforehand. We can make the most of this day and travel to Villanueva de los Infantes (where we can find the house of Don Diego de Miranda, who according to tradition was the Knight of the Green Overcoat, whose great deeds were mentioned so many times by Don Quixote), or the Lagunas de Ruidera Nature Reserve , some of the most beautiful wetlands in Spain. We can end the day in Ciudad Real, and spend the night there.

Day 7: Ciudad Real – Almagro

The journey is coming to an end. You can spend the morning exploring Ciudad Real and some of its monuments like the Puerta de Toledo gate or Santa María del Prado Cathedral .

A place that cannot be missed on this route is Don Quixote Museum in Ciudad Real. Here you can see interesting reproductions of the characters "talking" to each other. In the afternoon you can head towards Almagro (only half an hour away by car). It is one of the most charming towns in Spain. Its Plaza Mayor square is absolutely beautiful. In this square you can visit the Corral de Comedias theatre which dates from the 17th century (even better if you go on a dramatised visit). And if you are thinking of staying on a few more days, you might want to visit the National Theatre Museum . And this is the end of this route that will enable you to find out more about the figure of Don Quixote and the man who brought him to life. We are sure that it has been worth it because "he who reads much and travels much sees and knows a great deal".  

Tips and interesting facts

  • There is a sightseeing train called "Tren de Cervantes", which goes between Madrid and Alcalá de Henares. It's lots of fun, especially if you are travelling with the family, because there are actors who provide entertainment and give out typical sweets.
  • There are several dates on which Cervantes-related activities take place. For example, Cervantes Week is held in Alcalá de Henares around 9 October, and World Book Day is celebrated all over Spain on 23 April.
  • As well as the places we suggest, you can visit other very interesting places on your journey. For example, the beautiful Las Tablas de Daimiel National Park (close to Ciudad Real), or the fascinating Carranque Archaeological Park (not too far from Esquivias).
  • We recommend visiting one of the wineries and cheese shops on this route. You can purchase world-famous Manchego cheese. It's truly delicious! Another typical product of the area is saffron.
  • If you're looking for a souvenir to take back to your friends (so you can make them jealous because you had such a good time), you should know that pottery is typical in this area. You can also buy all kinds of swords in Toledo (even replicas of swords from The Lord of the Rings).
  • There are more Cervantes museums in other parts of Spain, like the Cervantes House-Museum in Valladolid, and longer routes round the region of La Mancha.  
  • Writer Pedro Salinas suggested calling Alonso Quijano (Don Quixote) the "patron saint of readers".
  • In 2002, a group of 100 writers from 54 countries named this book the best work of fiction in history.
  • It is said that the former Prime Minister of Israel, David Ben-Gurión, learnt Spanish in order to be able to read the original version of this book.

How to get there and get around

Although all the towns on this route are linked by bus or train, it's perfect for driving in the car or even in a motor home. If you're coming in your own vehicle, you don't need to worry about transport. But if you're coming from further afield, it's best to fly to Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas Airport and consider hiring a car there. Here are a few tips when driving in Spain.

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