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El Burgo de Osma
El Burgo de Osma, an ancient and monumental episcopal city, is located at the end of the river Ucero and offers one of the best preserved medieval precincts in the entire province of Soria. Not in vain has the city been declared a Historic-Artistic Site.
The origins of El Burgo de Osma can be traced back to the primitive 'arévaco' (pre-Roman civilization) settlement of Úxama, a place which centuries later would be submitted to Roman jurisdiction. However, it was in the time of the Visigoths that the town began to undergo a period of splendour, since in the VI century A. D. it became an Episcopal See until the arrival of the Arabs. After the Arab domination, the city recovered its former status as capital in the XII century. The formation of the current nucleus of El Burgo de Osma took place from the the year 1101, when bishop Pedro de Bourges (San Pedro de Osma) chose as the site of the cathedral a monastery located next to the river Ucero, a fact which favoured the flourishing of a prosperous hamlet of merchants and craftsmen. This privileged situation was to last for centuries, and in the Renaissance era the town even had a university.
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