Reservoir in La Siberia Biosphere Reserve, Extremadura

La Siberia Biosphere Reserve, Extremadura


One of Spain’s most important freshwater shorelines

High biodiversity, an enviable quiet, and over 1,000 kilometres of freshwater shoreline define this large protected space in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, a Biosphere Reserve since 2019.

Surrounding the rivers Guadiana and Zújar, the reserve includes five large reservoirs: Orellana, Cíjara, Puerto Peña, La Serena (the largest in Spain) and Zújar. Sailing, fishing and other water sports, bird-watching, large beaches and natural pools suitable for swimming, a network of footpaths, mycology routes, clear skies for astronomical observation, and the option of sports such as climbing, are some of the attractions of Extremadura’s Siberia district. It is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including endangered species like the Iberian lynx, and its ample plains and wild dehesa pastures, dotted with holm oaks and cork oaks, are grazed by vast herds of merino sheep.The population density of La Siberia is just over seven inhabitants per square kilometre, and ensures a thoroughly natural experience, far from crowds and cities. The area is also known for its ecological products, such as cork, charcoal, firewood, and honey.

La Siberia Biosphere Reserve, Extremadura

Talarrubias Tourist Office and Puerto Peña Rock-dwelling Fauna Interpretation Centre

Carretera N-430, Kilómetro 167

06640  Badajoz  (Extremadura)

Type of area:Biosphere Reserve Area:155.72 hectares Tel.:+34 924 630 100 Tel.:+34 924 631 151 Website:

Badajoz (Extremadura):

  • Castilblanco
  • Fuenlabrada de los Montes
  • Garbayuela
  • Helechosa de los Montes
  • Herrera del Duque
  • Puebla de Alcocer
  • Risco
  • Sancti-Spíritus
  • Tamurejo
  • Valdecaballeros
  • Villarta de los Montes
Useful information

What you need to know

  • Cultural information

    The landscape is profoundly shaped by the relationship between humans and nature, due to both the hydraulic infrastructure of dams and reservoirs, and generations of farming and grazing. There are many small archaeological sites, with castros, cave paintings and necropolises. This area was also the setting for many battles, and was once Templar territory. Here you can visit the Templar castle of Puebla de Alcocer and the ruins of another in Siruela. A good way to experience local culture here is through its food. The local specialities of La Siberia include escarapuche (a salad with freshwater fish or pork), fried breadcrumbs or migas extremeñas, stews or calderetas, many different sweets and pastries, recipes with desert truffles or criadillas de tierra, and artisanal honey.

  • Environmental information

    Its most striking features are its “inland sea” of large reservoirs creating natural beaches and swimming pools, its forests, its steppe-like pastures, and its olive groves. Its biodiversity is also reflected in wildlife. It is the habitat for over 200 bird species, including Spanish imperial eagles, black storks, Egyptian vultures and cinereous vultures. It’s easy to find mammals such as red deer, roe deer and wild boar. The rivers and reservoirs are home to many varieties of fish, reptiles and amphibians.

  • Information for visits

    It is located between the cities of Cáceres, Badajoz, and Toledo, which are all about a two-hour drive away, and three hours from Madrid via the A-5 and N-502. Here you’ll find many small villages with their own rural charm. Visitors can explore the network of viewing points, especially the views from Puebla de Alcocer castle, the beach at Peloche (Herrera de Duque), the medieval bridge of Villarta de los Montes, and the spectacular rock formations of Puerto Peña.Everywhere in the Siberia district of Extremadura, you can find activities such as hiking, cycling, boat trips, ATV routes, bird-watching, mushroom picking, climbing, and more.