The museum is set in a neo-Renaissance style pavilion built for the Latin American Expo of 1929.
The archaeological collection of the Museum of Fine Art was moved here in 1942. The visit starts with the Early Palaeolithic period and finishes with Moorish and Mudéjar items from the Middle Ages, and includes interesting intermediate stages such as the Roman world. On the ground floor of the museum you can see items from the prehistoric archaeological sites in the province of Seville, presented in chronological order. Items worth noting from its collection include the "Carambolo Treasure", from the Tartessian period, which has its own monographic room on the first floor. This contains a reproduction of the magnificent gold treasure, and elements relating to its original setting: a shrine dedicated to Phoenician divinities.