Located in the heart of Madrid, its origins date from the reign of Philip IV, when the Buen Retiro Palace was built by the Count-Duke of Olivares. The Astronomical Observatory and the Buen Retiro Royal Porcelain Factory were added during the reign of Charles III. During the reign of Ferdinand VII, the pier on the pond and the Casa de Fieras zoo was built. Among the most prominent spots, the park includes the great pond with the monument to Alfonso XII, the Casa de Velázquez and the Crystal Palace, the Rosaleda rose garden and the Parterre, boasting one of the oldest trees in Madrid, a Taxodium mucronatum. In 1935, it was declared a Garden of Historic-Artistic value.
Exhibitions and activities
Royal Observatory Museum in Madrid
One of the Observatory's locations is in the Villanueva Building,…
National Museum of Decorative Arts
This was one of the first museums in Spain dedicated to decoration.
National Archaeological Museum
Created by Queen Isabella II, it is located next to the National…
Espacio Miró – Fundación Mapfre
A place for studying the work of the Catalan artist Joan Miró.…