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Buen Retiro Park

位置:

自治区:
Madrid

省 / 岛:
Madrid

Madrid

马德里(Madrid)是西班牙的首都,也是拥有现代化设施的国际大都市。作为西班牙经济、金融、行政和服务中心,马德里还拥有无数文化和艺术遗产,这些都是西班牙数千年历史的宝贵遗留。 马德里地处战略要冲,位于伊比利亚半岛中心,海拔646米。它不仅保留了欧洲大城市中最为重要的历史遗迹,还拥有现代舒适的基础设施、完善的住宿和服务条件、先进的影视媒体以及通讯科技。优良的硬件条件,加上开放、亲切、充满活力的社会环境,使马德里成为西方世界首屈一指的国际性大都市。
 
从旧石器时代起就有人居住在马德里,直到1561年,马德里才被菲利普国王二世定为其庞大帝国的首都。马德里市内的历史中心区、始建于1620年的宏伟的马约尔广场(Plaza Mayor)、以及人口聚集的典型的西班牙街道都为我们再现了十六和十七世纪城市的繁华景象。
 
马约尔广场附近地区被称为“贵族中心”,这里有王宫(el Palacio Real)巍然矗立。王宫是17世纪建筑的杰作,混合了巴洛克和古典主义风格。王宫旁边是东方广场(la Plaza de Oriente)、歌剧院(el teatro de la Ópera)和由胡安•保罗教皇二世在1993年主持建造的现代风格的拉阿尔穆德纳教堂(Catedral de la Almudena)。太阳门遗址(La Puerta del Sol)被精致多样的商业区所围绕,“艺术散步区”(Paseo del Arte)的得名则来自周边无与伦比的博物馆、宫殿和园林。西班牙银行、通讯大楼以及各色喷泉更是为这里的建筑增光添彩。 
 
马德里的突出特点是其浓重的文化和艺术色彩。马德里有73个博物馆,在人文领域的收罗相当全面。其中最著名的有普拉多博物馆(Museo del Prado)——它是世界上最重要的美术馆之一。还有提森-博内米萨博物馆(Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza)博物馆,那里收藏有800多件画作、雕塑和壁饰,从原始艺术品到先锋作品,无所不包。而索菲娅王后国家艺术中心(Centro Nacional de Arte Reina Sofía)则主要展示西班牙当代艺术,其中有毕加索、米罗、达利和胡安·格里斯等大师的作品。 这里的公园和园林数量密集、环境清雅。拿作为古代西班牙王室散心和消遣场所的莱蒂罗公园(Parque del Retiro)、田园之家公园(Casa de Campo)和胡安·卡洛斯一世公园(Parque Juan Carlos I)来说,人们可以在其中尽情享受阳光,也可以在这里散步、划船、投喂小松鼠。正是这些公园将马德里装点成欧洲绿化面积最多最美的城市。马德里还有重要的国际机场,每周都有1千多个航班的飞机从世界各地抵达。至于形如双子的宏伟的会议宫、现代化的展销会馆、以及设施完备的会议中心则使马德里成为欧洲最有魅力的商业中心之一。 但是如果说到马德里与众不同的特色,还要数这里的友好市民在生活中表现出来的深厚和富于感染力的热情。音乐会、展览、芭蕾、各种歌舞话剧、最新电影、各种西班牙风味和国际风味的美食、独具情调的酒吧和小店,都是马德里的休闲娱乐项目;此外,马德里繁华的商业设施让您可以在传统店铺或世界一流公司和国际品牌专卖店里尽享购物的乐趣。 马德里的夜生活激情彭湃:丰富多彩的酒吧、酒馆、迪厅和弗拉明戈表演厅让人们彻底放松身心。这里白天还有传统的露天舞会、热闹的集会和公认的世界上最为重要的圣伊西德罗斗牛节( Feria taurina de San Isidro)。

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马德里位于伊比利亚半岛中心的战略要地,海拔646米,不仅保留了欧洲大城市中最重要的老城区之一,还拥有现代舒适的基础设施,完善的住宿和服务,先进的视听和通讯技术。优良的硬件条件,加上开放、充满活力、快乐而热情的社会,使马德里成为西方世界大都市之一。

从旧石器时代起就有人居住在马德里,但直到1561年,马德里才被费利佩国王二世定为其庞大帝国的首都。被称为“哈布斯堡王朝的马德里”的古老市中心、始建于1620年的宏伟的马约尔广场以及西班牙最受欢迎最地道的角落之一,为我们再现了十六和十七世纪城市的繁华景象。

马约尔广场附近地区被称为“贵族中心”,这里王宫巍然矗立,它是17世纪建筑的杰作,混合了巴洛克和古典主义风格。王宫旁边是东方广场、歌剧院和现代的拉阿尔穆德纳教堂,教皇胡安·保罗二世1993年在这个教堂举行了祝圣仪式。太阳门被精致多样的商业区所围绕,“艺术大道”因为无与伦比的博物馆、宫殿和园林而得名,再加上西班牙银行、邮政宫、西比莱斯和海神喷泉,这一片名胜区成为旅游热点。

浓重的艺术和文化色彩是马德里的突出特点。马德里有超出60家博物馆,涵盖所有人文知识领域。其中最著名的有普拉多博物馆,它是世界上最重要的美术馆之一;提森-波涅米萨博物馆,收藏有800多件画作,从初期的弗拉芒画派到先锋派作品,无所不包。索非亚王后国家艺术中心则主要展示西班牙当代艺术,其中有毕加索、胡安·米罗、萨尔瓦多·达利和胡安·格里斯等大师的作品。

马德里是欧洲最绿的城市之一。它有多个宽广而美丽的公园和园林,例如古代西班牙王室散心消遣的地方——丽池公园、卡萨德坎坡园林、胡安·卡洛斯一世公园,在这里人们尽情享受阳光、散步、划船或是喂小松鼠。还有每周抵达从世界各地飞来的1千多个航班的重要的国际机场、两个宏伟的会展中心、Campo de Las Naciones现代化会展区以及其他会议中心超过8万人的容纳能力,使马德里成为欧洲最有魅力的商业中心之一。

但是如果说马德里有什么与众不同之处,那就是马德里浓厚而富于感染力的生活热情。音乐会、展览、芭蕾、精品戏剧、最新电影、各种西班牙风味和国际风味的美食、独具情调的酒吧和小吃店,都是马德里休闲娱乐生活的一部分,此外马德里商业繁华,您可以在传统店铺或国际一流品牌专卖店里尽情购物。

马德里的夜生活激情彭湃、丰富多彩,酒吧、酒馆、迪厅和弗拉门戈表演酒吧让人们放松身心,白天则有传统歌舞节庆活动、民间节日和被认为是世界上最重要的圣伊斯德罗的斗牛表演。

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http://www.esmadrid.com/




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马德里 为你

文化游

传统与现代的魅力结合

马德里有丰富多样的艺术珍宝,它们是历史上不同风格的典范。

阿拉伯古城墙废墟、哥特式风格的小教堂甚至文艺复兴时代的初期作品,马德里在它的历史发展过程中汇集了丰富多样的艺术作品。马德里的名字来源于阿拉伯文名字Magerit(水之母亲),原本是科尔多瓦倭马亚穆罕默德下令在曼萨纳雷斯河畔修建的一个城堡的名字。尽管这座城市在阿拉伯人200年的统治下不断扩大,但这里最后只留下了一些阿拉伯城墙遗址和一些后来变成钟楼的塔楼。哈布斯堡王朝从16世纪开始统治西班牙,并在17世纪达到颠峰,他们在西班牙首都留下了重要的历史古迹——它们被称为马德里的哈布斯堡王朝遗迹——包括著名的马约尔广场,还有充满特色和艺术的不计其数的角落、教堂和修道院。巴洛克风格的朴素外立面,和宫殿内部的豪华形成鲜明对比。   17世纪的新古典主义风格在位于市中心的宏伟王宫、萨巴蒂尼园林和摩尔人园林得到了体现。圣弗朗西斯戈大教堂、普拉多大道喷泉、托莱多桥、普拉多博物馆或阿尔卡拉城门,也都是新古典风格的典范。   格兰比亚区和卡斯特亚纳区则是老马德里的扩展城区,十分现代和前卫。格兰比亚从20世纪初开始建设,现在是商业中心和娱乐中心,酒店云集。在贯穿城市南北的卡斯特亚纳大道,有着马德里最高雅的一些酒店以及大公司现代前卫的高楼大厦。马德里的建筑遗产十分重要,而它巨大的艺术财富则集中在美术馆中。

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三个位置非常相近的博物馆位于著名的艺术大道。它们是普拉多博物馆、提森·波涅米萨博物馆和索菲娅王后艺术中心国家博物馆。普拉多博物馆被许多专家认为是世界第一美术馆,因为它汇集了十六、十七和十八世纪最重要和最完整的艺术作品,拥有意大利画派、弗拉芒画派和西班牙画派的最优秀的作品。普拉多博物馆收藏了埃尔波斯科、鲁本斯、戈雅维拉兹格兹、穆里略、弗拉·安赫里科、波蒂切利、提香、拉法尔、瓦特乌、蒂托雷托、艾尔格列哥、里贝拉、祖巴兰等艺术大师的作品和重要的古典雕塑作品。普拉多博物馆还为团体提供公共开放时间以外的私人导游参观机会,让您留下与艺术交流的难忘回忆。 提森·波涅米萨博物馆展出的是于1993年让与马德里的私人收藏品,它被视为最重要的私人收藏之一,因为其收藏品囊括了很长时期的代表作,从13世纪的绘画原始作品到20世纪的先锋作品无所不包。杜雷洛、蒂托雷托、德戈斯、康定斯基、戈雅、塞萨内、玛蒂斯、达利米洛毕加索或雷诺阿等大师的画作,都在博物馆收藏之列。 艺术大道最后一个博物馆是索菲娅王后艺术中心国家博物馆,它因为收藏有毕加索的名作《格尔尼卡》和当代画作、主要是西班牙画作而著名。 尽管这三个重要的美术馆光彩夺目,但马德里还有其他种类多样、内容丰富的博物馆。如果旅客时间充分,可有数十种选择。圣费尔南多皇家学院等其他重要的美术馆、市政博物馆或者主题博物馆,例如浪漫主义博物馆、铁道博物馆、航海博物馆、军事博物馆、美洲博物馆、国家考古博物馆、国家自然科学博物馆等。 马德里还拥有不少宫殿和古迹,它们是西方历史的重要遗产。国家遗产委员会负责保管这些会影响到国王使用或服务的国家财产,以及数个世纪以来国王下令修建的修道院。这些巨大的艺术财富,在多个世纪里一直是西班牙文化的发动机。国家遗产都向公众开放,它们是马德里皇宫、名人先贤祠、皇家赤脚修女修道院、艾尔帕尔朵皇宫、阿兰怀斯皇宫、艾尔艾斯科利亚尔皇家修道院、艾尔艾斯科利亚尔王储之家、艾尔艾斯科利亚尔王子之家和烈士谷圣十字修道院。 一个方便了解西班牙首都文化的方式是使用马德里观光卡它包含马德里及其周边名胜和超过40家博物馆的门票。I此外,持卡者可以参加由市政厅旅游局主办的“发现马德里”项目,在导游带领下参观。你可以在旅游办公室或通过网站购买该卡。  

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Natural surroundings to be discovered

In Madrid there are many natural spaces with varied landscapes - from the Sierra de Madrid mountains, which is full of beautiful locations for practising snow and mountain sports, to the Aranjuez plain or the landscape of La Mancha in the area surrounding Alcalá de Henares.

Golf, sailing, windsurfing, horse riding, hot-air balloon trips and hiking are some of the possible activities. The people from Madrid also like to look after their many urban parks and gardens, some of them well-known historically like the Royal Residence of Aranjuez gardens, the Retiro Park in Madrid or the Casa de Campo park. Others were created recently, like the Juan Carlos I Park or the Tierno Galván Park. They can be found in different urban areas and are very beautiful green spaces.          


Gastronomic

Madrid, a showcase for Spanish cuisine

Madrid's tapas represent almost all the Spanish gastronomy.

Thanks to the excellent seafood, Iberian ham and cold meat, a variety of pickled vegetables, typical dishes such as prawns in batter, tripe or snails, excellent cheese, "pinchos" and casseroles, and all types of wine from all over the country, Madrid is the capital of tapas.


For young people

Leisure and enjoyment, day and night

Madrid is a city where young people will find leisure and enjoyment, day and night.

There is a host of possibilities. The Dos de Mayo fiestas, the Veranos de la Villa festival or the Autumn Festival are some of the examples of an agenda full of cultural and leisure attractions all year round, and that includes many activities for young people, such as concerts, cinema, theatre or dancing. Coming to a large city always has its privileges, such as being able to go to gigs by international artists, or to watch Real Madrid play in the stadium.   Madrid comes alive at night, especially at the weekend. Discos, bars, cafés and fashionable clubs in different leisure areas and districts offer the best nightlife. And when the weather starts to get hot, the best thing is to have fun and hang out until the early hours of the morning in one of the many summer terraces that appear on the streets and avenues.    Malasaña and the area surrounding Dos de Mayo square are the main places to hang out at night in Madrid. The university atmosphere is in Argüelles and Moncloa, and there are many fashionable clubs in Paseo de la Castellana and the streets around it.   There is also a series of public initiatives that offer an alternative plan for the night, with a whole range of free activities that take place in several centres: sports, Internet, games, theatre workshops, music, dancing, etc.   Sports lovers will find magnificent facilities to practise their favourite sport professionally. And if they prefer open-air sports, the outskirts of the city provide an ideal environment for hiking, horse riding, cycling, mountaineering, and any of the winter sports, including skiing and snowboarding.

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To those who prefer cultural activities, Madrid offers museums and exhibitions, with special prices for young visitors. Holders of an International Student Identification Card - ISIC card, or a student ID will get significant discounts at the doors of most museums and exhibitions. Visitors under 18 can get into important museums like the Prado and Queen Sofía museums free of charge, showing proof of age. Travelling around the city, youngsters also have it easy, as there is a monthly public transport pass with a special price for people under 23.

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With children

Fun all year round

Madrid has a wide variety of leisure activities for children. Animal and nature lovers will be able to enjoy memorable moments in the Casa de Campo Zoo Aquarium and at Faunia, a "bio-amusement" theme park, which offers a fun approach to nature. Those who like more action will love Madrid's Amusement Park and the Warner Bros Madrid theme park, one of the most spectacular in the world.

In Madrid, museums are not only for adults. The Planetarium, with its 3-D cinema screen, Acciona, the interactive science museum, and the Cosmo Caixa museum in Alcobendas are some good examples. But there are also numerous other museums and exhibitions that organise specialised guided tours for school trips and children in general.  The Madrid Card Niños is a good option for ensuring your children make the most of everything on offer: it includes admission to the museums in Madrid aimed at young audiences, and, of course, to the city's three most important galleries (the Prado Museum, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, and the Reina Sofía Art Centre). It also includes all the guided tours in the "Descubre Madrid" programme, unlimited use of the Madrid Visión sightseeing bus, a tour of the Santiago Bernabéu (Real Madrid) football stadium, entrance to the Zoo-Aquarium, and discounts for other leisure attractions, shows, restaurants and shops. Aimed at children aged up to 12 years, they are available for one, two, three and five days, and cost between €29 and €45. They are on sale at tourist offices or online at www.madridcard.com.

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Madrid con niños

Madrid's calendar of cultural events also takes into consideration the needs of the youngsters, including in its theatre performances intended for children, special seasonal activities such as the Cabalgata de Reyes (the Twelfth Night procession), and Juvenalia, the Annual Children's and Youth Fair, that takes place in the Juan Carlos I Trade Fair Complex. In addition, most cinemas in the city have weekend morning sessions for children. During the summer, children can enjoy the wonderful facilities available in Madrid, such as public swimming pools, or water parks , like the ones in Villanueva de la Cañada and San Fernando de Henares. Madrid's mountains, situated to the north of the city, are a great choice for playing in the snow with youngsters during the winter months.

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购物

所有人的购物天堂

从珍贵的古玩到最新潮的设计,琳琅满目: 家具、名牌时装、礼品、纪念品或精美食品装点着城市的橱窗,让过往行人大饱眼福。 马德里的商店、购物中心和集市上丰富的商品让前来购物的人们满载而归。

马德里商店和购物中心遍布市区和郊区,数不胜数,其中很大部分中午都不歇业,是所有年龄的人的购物天堂。 整个城市有5大购物区: 萨拉曼卡、鹊卡、市中心、普林赛萨和瓜德罗卡米诺斯。

其他相关信息

营业时间: 大部分商店和购物中心的营业时间为10点至20点30分或21点30分。 传统店铺的营业时间为10点至14点,16点30分至20点30分。
折扣期: 一般来说,冬季折扣期从一月份第二个星期开始直到二月底,夏季折扣则从7月1日开始直到8月底结束。
付款方式: 一般为付现金,或者出示护照或身份证件刷卡付费。
退税: 欧盟以外的居民,购买价值超过90.15欧元的商品,有权要求退还商品增值税。
体验马德里购物之旅: 乘坐小巴士,和导购一起在马德里主要商业区购物,可以在某些店享受折扣。 此外还有VIP顾客购物服务,可以把购买商品送到顾客下榻酒店,并在会员店提供折扣和礼品。
拉斯罗萨斯购物区之旅: 这个购物区离马德里市中心只有30分钟路程,那里聚集了超出95家国际国内知名品牌直销店,提供诱人的折扣价格。 更多信息请垂询: www.lasrozasvillage.com.  


Business

A strategic point devoted to service

Madrid is exceptionally well equipped for trade fairs, conferences, and exhibitions, with two convention centres, and two trade fair complexes. Equipped with the most modern service facilities, the city's capacity and high standards attract more than five million professionals each year, who attend a variety of events.

Lavish palaces and castles mingle with modern buildings in Madrid, giving rise to a varied selection of venues for holding conferences, meetings, and all kinds of receptions. Here, each event will find a suitable venue, depending on the particular atmosphere it requires.  All this makes of Madrid a rising travel destination, one of the world's favourites for holding business conferences and conventions. Fully aware of this, the city's range of accommodation is constantly growing and improving.  Madrid's hotels are of exceptional quality, and the city has more than sixty-five thousand beds, half of which are in four and five star hotels. The premises, way above the European average, combine comfort with outstandingly professional, friendly, and personalised service.  The accommodation, geared to conference, incentive, business, and cultural travel, is equipped with all the facilities necessary for holding meetings.      


Nightlife

Madrid comes alive at night, especially at the weekend. Discos, bars, cafés and fashionable clubs in different leisure areas and districts offer the best nightlife. And when the weather starts to get hot, the best thing is to hang out at one of the numerous and lively summer terraces that appear in such profusion on the streets and avenues. Here are a few ideas to guide you when you set out to enjoy a night out on the town, from the early evening until the sun come up.

Early evening
(between about 8 and 11 pm)
Musicals and theatre: Madrid offers the chance to spend an unforgettable evening in the theatre with a whole range of musical shows every season. Some are completely original, and you'll only find them in Spain. Others are adapted classics not to be missed, and which in Madrid can be enjoyed in unique style. To get an idea of the wide offer of musicals you’ll find, just take a stroll down the Gran Vía avenue and see the theatres on both sides of the streets.

Going out for tapas: Madrid is the ideal city for enjoying the popular custom of “going out for tapas”: moving from one bar to another with your friends and enjoying delicious bite-sized portions of typical local specialities (potato omelette, spicy fried potatoes in sauce, croquettes, squid, cod, bull’s tail…) accompanied by a refreshing glass of beer or a good wine, and interesting conversation. In the historic centre (mainly in the neighbourhoods of Huertas and La Latina, near the Plaza Mayor) you’ll find classic taverns (with their unmistakeable tile-covered façades) and modern venues where in addition to tapas you can order “raciones” (more plentiful dishes to share).

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You’ll also have the chance to sample the typical gastronomy from each of the regions in Spain, as well as cuisine from all the five continents. You won't need to go far to find all the best-known dishes from any of the world’s countries, as there are numerous international and regional restaurants to choose from. Many of these are located in the Huertas area, near the squares of Jacinto Benavente and Tirso de Molina, and in the streets around Fuencarral and the Plaza de España.

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