The Way of Saint James -Camino de Santiago- pilgrimage route - much more than just a trip through Spain
Catedral de Astorga
Cultural interest? Spiritual motives? Adventure? A personal challenge? A different, original way to travel? These are just a few of the reasons why millions of pilgrims have been doing the Camino de Santiago route for years and years. It is a route through Spain that many people find hard to describe and that almost all are keen to repeat. One thing is for sure. The Camino de Santiago is an exciting and unforgettable adventure. It is a different way to discover Northern Spain, by following one of several itineraries whose common goal is the cathedral in Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, where you will find the tomb of the apostle Santiago (St. James). This network of pilgrimage routes to Santiago gained UNESCO World Heritage status in 1993. But why take the time to do the Camino? Have you ever wondered what is so special about this journey through inland Spain? Why does it attract thousands of people year after year? The motivations that drive each pilgrim to put on a good pair of boots, sling a rucksack over his or her shoulder, and start walking, are widely varied. There are almost as many reasons for doing the Camino as there are people out there walking it. Mostly, however, it is a combination of personal challenge, time for getting to know oneself, interest in history, art, nature and sport. Many people approach the Camino as an adventure. They are not mistaken. Year after year pilgrims cover hundreds of miles on foot, by bicycle or on horseback, on trails running through stunning landscapes and hidden, isolated villages, where time seems to have come to a standstill. No day is the same on this long journey, which is sub-divided into manageable stages and is signposted all the way. Equipped with no more than a rucksack and a few basic supplies, pilgrims are challenged by the difficulties that arise along the route. Once they have completed the journey and reached Santiago, all pilgrims agree on one thing: that the effort has been well worthwhile. In touch with nature Doing the Camino de Santiago pilgrimage route provides an opportunity to discover landscapes full of contrast, with plateaus and mountains, meadows and coastline. Different areas of countryside unfold one after another from start to finish. On the route you will find national parks and exceptional ecological areas: the peaks of the Pyrenees; the banks of the River Ebro, with their fertile vegetable gardens; the broad plains of Castile-Leon, with their fields of cereal crops; climbs to lofty mountain passes; the green meadows and pastureland of Galicia and Asturias. Areas of stunning natural beauty, where pilgrims feel at one with the countryside as they continue their journey towards the Galician capital. Surrounded by these picture postcard landscapes, walkers can relax completely, forgetting about their day-to-day routine. The mind runs free. There is only the route, the countryside and plenty of time for reflection. The chance to discover Spanish culture You will find a surprise in the form of art, culture and monuments around almost every corner on the Camino de Santiago. On the way you will come across cathedrals, bridges, Roman roads, monasteries, palaces, stately homes, traditional regional architecture… thousands of buildings, priceless each and every one. Besides discovering this rich historic heritage, you will also have the opportunity to take part in the region's fiestas and experience the folklore and local cuisine. You can be sure that no other journey enables travellers to immerse themselves so completely in the real life of the region. Self-discovery For many people, the Camino de Santiago has a mystical element. This is for a good reason - its origins are religious: a tribute to the apostle Santiago (St. James). In any case, apart from devotion to the saint, many pilgrims set out on the Camino inspired by a different kind of spirituality, which manifests itself in the need to find out more about oneself, to find the answers to certain personal questions and to discover inner peace. For many, this journey through Spain also becomes an inner journey, where each person can get know himself or herself better. This is an experience that will stay with you for years to come. Get to know all kinds of people Pilgrims are never strangers on the route. You will meet friendly, hospitable folk. People you have never seen before might even offer you a place to stay in their houses. On this very special trip through Spain, you will also share extraordinary experiences with pilgrims of all ages, from all over the world, whether in the hostels, on the trails or out on the road. You will have the chance to make new friends and become a better person. Whatever your motives, it is clear that doing the Camino de Santiago pilgrimage route will be a highly rewarding experience. Come and try it for yourself. You will be captivated by the unique magic of this special route through Northern Spain. French route This is the most popular route. It begins in the Pyrenees and has two variants depending on where you choose to enter: Roncesvalles (through Navarre) or Somport (through Aragon). Both routes meet in the town of Puente la Reina, and then continue on through the territories of La Rioja and Castile-León towards Galicia. See all the French route Northern Route This route was first used by the pilgrims in order to avoid travelling through the territories occupied by the Muslims in the Middle Ages. The greatest attraction is its landscape, as a large part of the route runs along the coastline against a backdrop of mountains and overlooking the Cantabrian Sea. When you get to Oviedo, you can either take the alternative Northern Route or the Primitive Route. See all the Northern Route Xacobeo 2010 The second Holy Year of the 21st century is to be celebrated in 2010. The Jubilee Year of Compostela has been celebrated since the Middle Ages, whenever the feast day of the Apostle Saint James, 25th July, fell on a Sunday. The Jubilee usually takes place every 5, 6, and 11 years. The last three years in this cycle were 1993, 1999 and 2004 and the following ones will be in 2010 and 2021. The religious celebrations begin one year before in the evening of the 31st December, and end on the same day one year after. The Galician Government, through the S.A. de Xestión do Plan Xacobeo (Management Society of Xacobean Plan), is organising a cultural and promotional project focusing on Jacobean culture and the Way of Saint James. The project is open to modern culture while also reflecting on the past, and seeks to revitalise and boost the routes and their natural, visual, cultural and economic value. A decentralised action plan for culture and celebrations is to be brought into effect. It sets out reappraise the Ways of Saint James and their heritage, and to recover the routes and the spiritual value of pilgrimage. A balance is sought between short term programs, such as temporary exhibitions and the more stable permanent events such as museums, interpretation centres and publications. There will be historical and modern art exhibitions, and a complete program of sports, arts, cultural and social events throughout Galicia, including thinking forums and conference cycles, a performing arts program and small, medium and large scale concerts.