加泰罗尼亚(Cataluña)的古罗马文化


位置:

Tarragona
路线种类:
名胜古迹路线

地中海西班牙海岸的古罗马帝国明珠。

塔拉戈纳市(Tarragona),古称塔拉科,曾经是古罗马时期西班牙地区最重要的三个城市之一。这里曾经由非洲布里奥·科内里奥·西庇阿最高执政官管辖,追捕传说中汉尼拔领导的迦太基人,开启了西班牙被罗马占领的时期。这里的古罗马遗址被联合国教科文组织命名为世界人类遗产。

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This one-day or weekend route starts in the city centre of Tarragona. The city centre houses the remains of the circus (1st century A.D.) which has been exceptionally well-preserved. The remains of the two city fora are located nearby – the provincial and colonial (or local). They were the centre of political, administrative and social life in Tarraco. Today, visitors can see some walls, arches and stone constructions around the streets of the old town. The most important site of worship in Roman Tarraco was in the very same spot where the imposing Gothic cathedral of Santa María (13th-14th centuries) stands today – the most important non-Roman monument in the city. Our visit continues with a stroll around the Roman city walls (2nd century B.C.), the oldest of those preserved outside Italy, which were strengthened in the 16th and 17th centuries. Alongside these are the ruins of the amphitheatre (2nd century B.C.), which was the setting for gladiator battles. On the other hand, the theatre cannot be visited. Our route around Tarragona continues towards the Francolí River, to the south of the city. We recommend heading there from the ‘Balcón del Mediterráneo’ – a marvellous vantage point with views over the city’s sea front. Afterwards, we can head to the promenade in search of the old port neighbourhood of Serrallo, where there are perfect restaurants to taste delicious Mediterranean fish. Alongside the opposite end of the area, next to the Central and Ciutat parks, is the Palaeo-Christian burial ground (3rd century on) and its museum. After this, we can head on a trip to see the different interesting spots in the surrounding area of the city of Tarragona. The N-240 takes us to Les Ferreres Aqueduct (also known as the Devil’s Bridge). Dating to the 1st century B.C., it provided water to the city and its double row of arches is well-preserved today. A little further along the route is the town of Constantí. The outskirts house the Roman villa of Centcelles (4th century A.D.) with its rich mosaics. Returning to Tarragona, we now head north, following the N-340 coast road. There are successive monuments from Roman Tarraco just 20 kilometres away. Around 3 kilometres after leaving the city we come across the Torre de los Escipiones tower, a funereal monument from the 1st century A.D. Nearby, alongside La Móra estate and in the middle of a forest, the Mèdol stone quarry can be visited (after a brief walk), where the stone used to build Tarraco’s buildings was extracted. Altafulla (3 kilometres) is home to the remains of the luxurious Els Munts villa, which was owned by a high ranking official in the Roman administration. It is located on a small headland next to the Mediterranean. Further on, in Roda de Barà, we get to see the famous Berà Arch, an honorary arch dedicated to the Emperor Augustus (end of the 1st century B.C.) It is located between two lanes on the N-340, on what was the old Vía Augusta road. If we do our journey in May, we can also enjoy the Tarraco Viva Festival. It offers a series of interesting conferences on the Roman world and ancient Tarraco.

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