Spain, a major repository of military heritage
Spain is home to a vast wealth of military architecture. Visitors can stroll around spectacular fortresses and castles and marvel at many other beautiful structures that are outstanding for their defensive design. These buildings are impressive for their size and their beauty, so we have compiled a small selection of some of the most characteristic monuments in Spain's military heritage.
It forms part of the city walls, and stands on the banks of the Guadalquivir river in Seville. It dates from the year 1220, and its name ("golden tower") is due to the fact that it was originally covered in golden tiles. It now houses the Naval Museum, and contains models, navigation charts, compasses and ancient documents.
Its construction dates from Roman times. It was rebuilt during the reigns of Alfonso VI and Alfonso X the Wise, when it became the first fortress with a square floor plan and with towers at the corners. It currently houses the city's Army Museum.
The first known written reference to this spectacular construction dates from the Christian era in the early 12th century. It was built on top of a rock located between two rivers, a testament to its original military status. One of the highlights is its attractive keep, which is often compared to the prow of a boat on the waters. The Alcázar was used as a residence by Alfonso VIII.©
Les Fortaleses Catalanes.
San Fernando Castle in Figueras is considered the largest fortress with bastions in Europe. It was built in response to the need to reinforce the frontier to protect the Spanish region of El Ampurdán from invasion by foreign troops. It stands in the privileged setting of the bay of La Rosa on the Costa Brava.©
San Pedro Castle in Jaca
The citadel of Jaca, or San Pedro Castle, in Huesca is a fortification with a five-sided floor plan built in the late 16th century. It conserves all its characteristic features: pentagonal floor plan, moat, bastions, barracks and tunnels, in addition to an attractive entrance reached by means of a drawbridge. It is the only one of its type in Spain which is conserved intact.©
Fuerza Logística Operativa (FLO).
Strategically located in La Coruña, the original construction dates from the 16th century, although a new building was raised in 1748 for the military commander and for the different court premises. Throughout its history it has been witness to events such as the first Galician uprising against the Napoleonic troops in 1808.