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    World Heritage, a certification granted by UNESCO.

A Phoenician-Punic settlement during ancient times, Ibiza contains within its Renaissance walls an interesting legacy from all the different cultures that populated it. This artistic wealth is found in the monumental area of Dalt Vila, in the necropolis of Es Puig des Molins and in the archaeological site of Sa Caleta. The beauty of the island capital is enhanced by the sands and coves at Figueretes, Es Viver and Talamanca, as well as by its the diverse marine ecosystem.

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The two most noteworthy aspects of Ibiza, its biodiversity and its culture have made it worthy of being declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Carthaginians founded the ancient Ibosim in the year 654 B.C. In little over a century, the place became a strategic colony in the Western Mediterranean. Roman Ebusus, called Yabisah under Muslim rule, would be governed by the king Jaume I after it was reconquered in 1235. Continuous sieges by pirates led the city to be strengthened with walls in the 16th century. The population is currently divided between the fishing districts of Marina and Sa Penya, as the lower part of the city is known, and Dalt Vila, an area of monuments located in the upper part of the city and declared World Heritage. It is surrounded by well-preserved walls from Renaissance times that were commissioned by the kings Felipe II and Carlos V and were used as a model for building other fortifications in the New World. The considerable height of its bastions affords the best views of the city and the port that is laid out at its feet. The city inside the walls The Portal de ses Taules is the entrance to the walled area, where the Town Hall, located in the Dominican convent and the church of Santo Domingo and the chapel of Sant Salvador (located inside the Archaeological Museum in the cathedral square). The Cathedral, built over the old Arab city walls, is a sober, Gothic structure from the 16th century and remodelled in the 18th. A gold-plated monstrance is one of the golden jewels preserved inside it. It shares the area in the cathedral square with the Episcopal Palace, a building that stands out due to its distinguished door. Another important monument is the Castell y Almudaina, the tallest building in the city, on which the keep — of Medieval Christian origins — is worthy of note. In the historic quarter, you can visit the Archaeological Museum, a witness to the city's rich past, thanks to a valuable collection of objects that cover 2000 years of history. The best way to enjoy the popular architecture of Ibiza is to wander around the narrow streets of the historic quarter until you reach the port, having crossed the central Vara de Rey walkway, and walk around the port area to the Botafoc lighthouse. In addition to the fishing neighbourhood in the lower part of town, another worthwhile visit is the necropolis of Es Puig des Molins, also declared World Heritage, along with the Phoenician settlement of Sa Caleta. Over 3500 Punic and Phoenician graves have been found here. The statues of the goddess Tanit and the god Bes are two of its main pieces. There are numerous terraces and restaurants on the seashore where the visitor can discover the best of Ibiza cuisine. And, at night, the capital shows its most playful side with cafés, discos, “afterhours” and “disc-jockeys” starting their designer parties. The beaches and coves of Ibiza, such as Figueretes, Es Viver or Talamanca have golden sand and seabeds that will delight scuba-diving fans, as they house a large number of native Mediterranean species, and also a wealth of sea life. For example, the meadows of Mediterranean tapeweed that inhabit its depths are declared World Heritage. This mixture of culture and biodiversity were key to it being declared of World Heritage. Gastronomy and the surroundings Ibiza gastronomy combines a wide range of Balearic specialities and ones that are specific to the island. So pork product have an important place with a good example of sobrasada, a chopped meat sausage that is cured with spices. The Frità de Polp and the Bollit de Peix made from rice and fish are also typical. For dessert, you can choose between flaó (a dish of Arabic origins made from ricotta cheese and spearmint), orelletes, puff pastry and almond cakes, or frígola from Ibiza, one of the many liqueurs produced in the Balearic Islands. The island of Ibiza can be visited starting out from the capital. Several kilometres to the northeast is the municipality of Santa Eulària des Riu, with the church located on the Puig de Missa. Further on is the Portinatx, a tourist centre with beautiful coves and a seaside feel. Lastly, Sant Antoni de Portmanand the municipality of Sant Josep combine the best eastern beaches, besides being one of the liveliest spots on the island.


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