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The Silk Exchange. Valencia

瓦伦西亚

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Valencia-València

很少有城市能够像瓦伦西亚这样,可以将上溯至公元138年遥远过去的遗产遗址和新千年建造的最新式和先锋的现代建筑完美和谐地融合在一起。 瓦伦西亚是商业、文化、影视、博物馆、音乐和贸易的集合地。是国际和先锋设计的中心,也是最富魅力的欧洲展销会和各种会议的承办城市之一。 由于它的地理位置,瓦伦西亚历史上一直充当着西班牙通往地中海的门户的作用,因此它也拥有海洋港口城市的独特魅力。 此外,细软的沙滩、干净的海水、广阔的海洋和附近的山脉使瓦伦西亚的海滨独具魅力。瓦伦西亚的海滩和沙丘十分有名,海边一派休闲繁华的景象,而城市北边近来也发展出一些度假小城,如拉波布拉、阿尔博拉亚和布依戈等(La Pobla de Farnals, Alboraya y el Puig)。这些地方在几年前还是水产养殖地,现在则成了海边休闲场所。 就城市本身而言,马尔瓦洛萨海滩和雷万托海滩(La Malvarrosa y Levante)已经成为美食和海边歌舞狂欢的场所。城市南面以自然风光出名,萨雷海滩(la playa del Saler)和阿尔布法拉自然公园(el Parque Natural de L’Albufera)风景奇特,可以在此享受自由阳光。古耶拉(Cullera)、甘地亚(Gandía)和奥里瓦海滩(y Oliva),则以不计其数的运动和休闲设施而著名。 瓦伦西亚省内还有很多有趣的旅游线路和景点,例如图里亚河之旅,以及别有风情的小镇布涅尔、雷克纳和夏蒂瓦等(Buñol, Requena o Xátiva)。

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There are outstanding beaches and dunes at Canet d’En Berenguer, where the coastline becomes leisurely and residential, as it does to the north of the Valencian capital, where small tourist town (La Pobla de Farnals, Alboraya, and El Puig) have emerged where only a few years ago fruit and vegetables were grown.
In addition, still within the city of Valencia, the beaches of La Malvarrosa and Levante offer a wide variety of places to dine and enjoy a quiet evening by the sea. To the south, nature becomes predominant at Saler Beach and in the L’Albufera Nature Reserve, where the sun can be enjoyed in unique surroundings. The beaches of Cullera, Gandía and Oliva combine beautiful landscapes with a number of sporting and recreational facilities.
Interesting routes await you inland, such as the one defined by the course of the Turia River, or charming towns like Buñol, Requena and Xátiva.

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http://www.turisvalencia.es/




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瓦伦西亚 为你

文化游

From the Roman forum to the Arts and Sciences Centre

When walking around Valencia, visitors can feel the pulse of many centuries in its walls and under the ground. From the remains of the Roman forum founded by Junius Brutus and now in the Plaza de la Virgen which gave rise to Valencia, to the emblematic Arts and Sciences Centre, the city has transformed its appearance whilst rescuing monuments that are witness to past eras.

Valencia Cathedral is built in the same place where the first temple stood in the Roman times, and later on, a mosque. Because it was built between 1262 and 1426, and because of the extensions and renovations carried out later on, there are different styles superimposed on the predominant primitive Gothic.
The Miguelete Tower, the tower that is usually identified with Valencia outside, is the cathedral's Gothic bell tower. It is 50.85 metres high, which is the same as its perimeter. It is a steep climb up the 207 steps, but worth it when you get to top and see the splendid views of the city.
In the same square, Plaza de la Virgen, there is also the Virgen de los Desamparados Basilica, and nearby, the Santo Domingo Convent, commissioned by the Dominicans in the 13th century, with the approval of by King Jaume I. In Valencia's historic quarter you can find other interesting churches, like Santa Catalina, San Nicolás and San Martín.
Civil architecture is very important in the city. Two old gates to the city remain from the old medieval wall - Serranos and Quart towers.

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The Palau de la Generalitat (Palace of the Autonomous Government) is a Gothic-style structure, built in the 15th century and later extended in the 17th and 20th centuries. The building stands out because of its large Renaissance tower that leads to the Plaza de la Virgen.

Yet beyond all doubt, the most remarkable building is the Lonja de la Seda (the Silk Exchange), an elegant Gothic structure built towards the end of the 15th century that has been declared World Heritage Site. This ancient trading place holds authentic treasures in its interior, such as the monumental Salón de las Columnas, the Torreón Central and the Sala de Juntas del Consulado del Mar. The City Hall, located in the city centre, occupies the old premises of the 18th century Real Casa de la Enseñanza. Modernism has also left a legacy in this city, with beautiful examples like the Central Market, made of iron, stained glass, and ceramic tiles; the Colón Market; and the magnificent Estación del Norte (North Railway Station).

In addition to this huge architectural legacy, a myriad of museums grace the city. One of the most symbolic is the Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias (City of the Arts and Sciences), a futuristic complex housing the L'Hemisfèric Cinema-Planetarium; the Palace of the Arts, devoted to promoting and publicising art; the Príncipe Felipe Science Museum; and the Universal Oceanographic Park.


Valencia occupies one of the top places on the Spanish art scene, thanks to the Institute Valencian Institute of Modern Art (IVAM). This centre has nine galleries that include permanent collections of the works of Julio González and Ignacio Pines, as well as other temporary exhibitions of painting, photography, and modern art, from the avant-garde movements of the early 20th century to the present.

Located inside a Baroque building, the San Pío V Museum of Fine Arts is one of the most outstanding in Spain, thanks to its collection of the work of early Valencian artists; its collection includes Valencian school painters such as Hernando Yáñez de la Almedina, Juan de Juanes, the Ribaltas, Ribera, Espinosa, Vicente López, Sorolla, and Pinazo; and other artists of the stature of Pinturicchio, Andrea del Sarto, Van Dyck, Murillo, Velázquez, Bosch, El Greco, and Goya. The museum also has sculptures by Mariano Benlliure, as well as interesting archaeological artefacts.

Another remarkable art gallery is located in the complex of the Corpus Christi Seminary. The Patriarch's Museum has a 16th and 17th century painting collection, as well as works by Juan de Juanes, El Greco, and early Flemish painters. The church preserves Ribalta's "Last Supper" at the high altar, as well as a Flemish tapestry in the Communion Chapel. The González Martí National Ceramics and Sumptuary Arts Museum is located in the Palace of Marqués de Dos Aguas, built in the 15th century, and refurbished in the 18th century. The interior displays a vast collection of ceramics from Manises, Paterna, and Alcora, some of which date back to Christian times. Just as remarkable are the ancient pottery collection; the "socarrat" ceramic collection; the Chinese and Japanese pieces; and the pieces signed by figures like Picasso. The festive nature of the people of Valencia is represented in two museums: the Museum of the Fallas keeps the "ninots" (papier mâché figures) which have been spared from burning in the annual Valencia fire festival for every years since 1934, and other elements that illustrate the history of the Fallas; and the Falla Artist Museum, where sketches, posters, photographs, and more spared "ninots" on display. Do not forget the City Museum, or the Municipal History Museum, or the homes of famous personalities such as Vicente Blasco Ibáñez and José Benlliure.

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户外运动游

地中海海岸风光的无限消遣

瓦伦西亚拥有温和的地中海气候,一年四季都能进行户外活动。瓦伦西亚首府拥有良好的运动设施,如图里亚园林的现代设施,供人们健身锻炼。

瓦伦西亚皇家海军俱乐部是航海的理想场所,而瓦伦西亚拥有112公里的海岸,可以进行其他水上运动项目,如帆船、潜水或风帆冲浪等。
瓦伦西亚是高尔夫爱好者不折不扣的天堂,这里的六个高尔夫球场中有四个是18洞球场:El Saler高尔夫球场、El Bosque球场、Escorpión球场和Oliva Nova球场。
同时,内陆的山地景观也为一些运动提供了理想场所,譬如徒步、骑行、悬崖垂降、独木舟、骑马、轻型滑翔和跳伞。


美食游

美味来自菜园和大海

海鲜饭(paella)是瓦伦西亚的地道风味菜肴,扬名全西班牙。

当地菜肴具有田园、海鲜和山区风味,给人以无上的味觉享受。尤其是海鲜饭,配方多样,日日不同,百吃不腻。                          


年轻人游玩

文化节、音乐会,活动终年不断。

瓦伦西亚为年轻人提供丰富多样的休闲娱乐活动。法亚火节有专门为年轻人设计的活动,例如在维维洛斯园林举行的夜晚音乐会。

平整开阔的中心地带成了即兴演出的音乐厅——特别是七月博览会期间,春天的时候,街道上挤满了图书博览会的棚屋以及其他文化展览。
除了这些活动,法亚火节期间商店的露台挤满了客人,这种情况常常持续到十月初。由于温和的地中海气候,瓦伦西亚的夜生活特别丰富。城里有无数地方可以享受热闹的氛围:从各色酒吧、夜店和迪厅,到渐渐在海边兴起的娱乐场所,它们让马尔瓦罗萨海滩及其海滨大道成为重要的休闲区。
感兴趣的朋友,会在瓦伦西亚省发现一些西班牙最有名的舞厅,它们主要集中在瓦伦西亚市到库耶拉之间的海滩上。图里亚古河道为年轻人提供了全市最开阔的休闲地带。可以徒步或者骑自行车游览图里亚园林,享用园中的运动设施。园中还坐落着艺术科学城,一个综合的文化休闲中心,年轻人可以在天文馆电影院观看3D电影,参观菲利普王子科学博物馆,或探索欧洲最大的海洋馆。各文化节的日程安排也将年轻人放在重要位置。

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Valencia para jóvenes

Other events, such as Valencia Escena Oberta, which takes the performing arts into the streets, or the International Youth Film Festival, which shows films made by new, rising filmmakers, should also not be forgotten. Those into alternative culture will find their spot in the Alternative Music Festival in July, which, in addition to concerts, includes theatre performances, fashion shows, volunteer work, etc.

Valencia opens its museums and exhibitions to young people by offering them special prices. Holders of an International Student Identification Card - ISIC card, or a student ID will get significant discounts at the doors of most museums and exhibitions. Going around the city, youngsters also have it easy, as there is a monthly public transport pass, with a special price for minors.

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带小孩游玩

悉心呵护儿童的城市

瓦伦西亚市为儿童提供众多的游乐场所。城市里的多处园林不仅美化了城市景观,也是休闲场所。

孩子们一定能在格列佛公园尽兴玩耍,巨人格列佛被改造成了滑梯,内部有一个城市模型,周围是迷你高尔夫球场、巨型象棋、跑道、溜冰场和各种各样的游戏设施,供人在市中心的花园里玩乐。在其他可参观的绿地中突出的是植物园,它被看做是欧洲最完备最有趣的植物园之一,还有新古典主义风格的蒙福特园林,以及宽广的图里亚园林。动物爱好者一定得去 Bioparc动物园,它是以沉浸式动物园的概念为基础的新型动物园,让游客身处原生态栖息地里,取消了将动物和人阻隔开的屏障。
古河道附近坐落着瓦伦西亚最前卫的地标之一,艺术科学城。其规模和建筑令人惊叹,你可以在天文馆电影院观看3D电影和其他影片,在菲利普王子科学博物馆以互动的方式学习 或者畅游海洋馆,它是欧洲最大的水族馆。
瓦伦西亚的节日安排也将小朋友们考虑在内,他们积极参加儿童法亚火节,这个节日有专为小朋友们准备的各种活动。同时,城里大部分电影院都会在周末和节日期间,为孩子们放映早场电影。全年,尤其是夏季,大人小孩在城里就能享受极好的莱万特海滩和马尔瓦罗萨海滩。


购物

瓦伦西亚市商店林立,橱窗里的商品琳琅满目,很多商店出售精美的工艺品,或者设计时尚的服饰。扇子、编织品、陶瓷和精美服装都可以在这里买到。

不管游客有怎样的品味和喜好,都能在瓦伦西亚找到自己想要的。购物的选择众多。苏塔特威拉区的工艺品店,科隆市场周围更加现代的店面,露天集市,还有这个地中海城市的众多购物中心,为游客提供了丰富多样的购物选择。
其他相关信息
营业时间:大部分商店营业时间为10:00到14:00,16:30到20:30。购物中心营业时间为10:00到21:30。
折扣期:通常,冬季折扣从一月的第二周至二月底,夏季折扣从7月1日至八月底。
付款方式:一般为付现金,或者出示护照或身份证件刷卡付费。
退税:欧盟以外的居民,购买价值超过90.15欧元的商品,有权要求退还商品增值税。
瓦伦西亚卡:你可以在一些旅馆、专卖店和报刊亭购买这种卡,不仅能在商店、餐厅、演出和娱乐中心使用,享受不小优惠,还能用它免费乘坐瓦伦西亚公共交通。


商务

大型专业会议理想场所

瓦伦西亚已经成为欧洲出色的会议中心,成为希望发展贸易和参加各种展销会的有识之士首选会议场地。

设施符合各种专业会议的要求,最佳的交通网使到达城市极为便利,住宿选择多样并且气候全年温和,这些因素保证商务出行来瓦伦西亚的人们获得完美体验。这个大都市丰富多彩的文化活动和美食,让人们在工作的同时也愉快享受自由时光。
瓦伦西亚会展馆加强了这个城市的优势,使它成为商务活动和文化交流的理想场所。会馆将最大胆的设计与最现代的技术设备完美结合。礼堂 设施一应俱全,会议厅、餐厅、咖啡馆……室外7000平方米的绿地空间,有喷泉池塘,非常适合休息消遣。
瓦伦西亚博览会,西班牙最早的博览会,每年举办四十多个文艺比赛,全世界超过10000人参展,参观者超过一百万。其展区基础设施完备,可举办会议会谈。
在图里亚园林中,瓦伦西亚音乐厅和会展馆是在市中心举办会议和展览无与伦比的场地。  


夜生活

瓦伦西亚是一座夜晚特别迷人的城市。城里有无数地方可以享受热闹的氛围:从各色酒吧、夜店和迪厅,到众多渐渐出现在海边的娱乐场所,它们让马尔瓦罗萨海滩及其海滨大道成为一个重要的娱乐区。我们推荐你几个地点,可以让你尽情享受瓦伦西亚的夜晚,甚至玩到天亮。

夜晚的瓦伦西亚处处是想要娱乐、感受音乐和跳舞的人。人气最旺的是位于老城区的卡门区,此外也很有名的是阿拉贡大街、卡诺瓦广场、洪都拉斯广场和胡格尔广场上的娱乐场所。而气氛最年轻最校园的要数Blasco Ibáñez大街。如果你七八月间来瓦伦西亚,多多关注海滩区和Neptuno大道一带,这两个地方的夏季娱乐活动时间最长。

你会在瓦伦西亚省发现一些西班牙最有名的舞厅,它们主要集中在瓦伦西亚市到古耶拉途中的海滩上。