Turismo de Sevilla
Turismo de Sevilla
作为安达卢西亚省的首府，塞维利亚到处均洋溢着热情和繁荣的景象，显示着其悠久的历史。城中有许多人类文化遗产建筑，还有各种各样具有大众气息和独特风格的街区，如特利亚纳区（Triana）和马卡雷纳区（La Macarena）。 作为西班牙南部重要的商业和服务区，塞维利亚可以向游客提供各种标准的酒店。它们分布在城市的各个角落。住在不同的酒店，能让您发现蕴藏在这座城市中的无数的迷人去处：各种博物馆和艺术中心、主题公园、电影院、剧院和节日沙龙仅仅是塞维利亚提供给游客的一部分乐趣，这座城市包罗了不计其数的休闲方式。不应忘记的是，在塞维利亚城中，游客还可看到许多风格各异的露天休闲场所、小酒馆、酒吧，在这些地方您可以品尝到塞维利亚人历史最悠久且美味的小吃之一：“开胃小吃”（tapeo）。 另一个让游客前往这座城市的理由就是每年在这里举行的各种各种的节日。一些节日已宣布成为国际旅游财产，如圣周和四月节都是最受塞维利亚人喜爱和具有民间特色的节日。这些节日也向游客开放。除此之外，塞维利亚还是游客沿着各种文化长廊前往安达卢西亚省其他地方的最佳起点，如罗马贝梯卡之路和华盛顿•欧文之路。 此外，游客还可以欣赏到跨越两大陆的巨大自然景观，如被联合国教科文组织宣布为人类自然文化遗产和生物保护地的多南那自然公园（Doñana）、以及北部山脉自然公园（Parque Natural de la Sierra Norte）。这些地方是进行各种户外体育活动的理想场所，包括野营、骑马或自行车运动等。如果想玩高尔夫，塞维利亚也可给游客提供4处位于城市近郊的设施完备的球场。
Another good excuse to come to the Sevillian capital are the festivals. The celebrations of Easter Week and Feria de Abril (the April Fair), which have been declared of National Tourist Interest, reflect the devotion and folklore of the people of Seville, always open and friendly to visitors. But Seville's appeal does not end there, as the city is also the starting point for the many cultural routes the province offers, such as the Roman Bética Route or the Washington Irving route. The visitor will also discover the immense natural wealth of this region, which sits halfway between two continents, in natural treasures such as the Doñana Nature Reserve, declared a World Heritage Site and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, and the Sierra Norte Nature Reserve. They will be the ideal setting for practising outdoor sports, including hiking, horse riding, and cycling routes. If, on the other hand, golf is your sport of choice, then you will be glad to know that Seville has four excellent golf courses in its vicinity.
塞维利亚由埃斯皮翁（Escipión）将军建立，产生了罗马帝国的两个国王：图拉真和亚德里亚诺。711年至1248年穆斯林对这里长期的占据使这座城市蒙上了挥之不去的穆斯林印记。科尔多瓦哈里发对这里统治的结束（11世纪）导致了塞维利亚泰法（Taifa）王朝的兴盛，特别是在诗人国王穆塔米的统治时期。 美洲大陆发现后，塞维利亚开始了它的历史上最为辉煌的时期。16至17世纪，塞维利亚港口是西班牙最为重要的港口，几乎垄断了西班牙的全部海外贸易。这一时期塞维利亚繁荣的贸易活动让这座城市的别墅、贵族住宅、教堂和修道院等也披上了城市的色彩。 由大教堂（la Catedral）、阿卡莎皇宫（los Reales Alcazares）和印第安总档案馆（el Archivo de Indias）构成的古迹遗址群被联合国教科文组织宣布为世界人类文化遗产，同时它们也成为这座城市的象征。在圣•克鲁斯区的石灰房子中间，伫立着建立在塞维利亚大清真寺基础上的歌特式风格的大教堂。这座阿拉伯人留下的建筑物至今仍完好地保存着橙树庭院和伊斯兰教寺院的尖塔，即著名的吉拉达尖塔。 旁边的阿卡莎皇宫同样也建造于9世纪阿拉伯人统治时期。不过在素有“暴君”之称的佩德罗一世期在位期间（14世纪），这座皇宫才有了穆德哈尔人的装饰风格。它的外墙装饰华丽，内部还有大大小小的大厅和浪漫的庭院。富有阿拉伯和文艺复兴时期风格的宽阔庭院成为整座宫殿的一个完美陪衬。 印第安总档案馆（el Archivo de Indias）则完全把我们带回到了西班牙文艺复兴时期。这是保存记载了征服新大陆史实的最重要的档案中心之一。城中另外一处较为重要的文艺复兴建筑就是皮拉托之家，这座建筑混合了歌特式、穆德哈尔和意大利文艺复兴建筑的风格。
我们还可以欣赏现已成为大学校址的皇家烟草工厂（la Real Fabrica de Tabaco）的巴洛克风格建筑以及参观圣特墨宫（el Palacio de San ，mo）、玛丽亚•路易莎公园和西班牙广场。西班牙广场周围还能找到许多有意思的建筑，这里正是1929年伊比利亚美洲博览会所在地。
在瓜达尔基维尔河畔还座落有黄金塔（Torre del Oro），这也是一处阿拉伯起源的建筑，构成了瓜达尔基维尔古城墙的一部分。由于它与西班牙海军的夙有渊源，因此也被作为海洋博物馆。黄金塔面向阿雷纳尔（el Arenal），即斗牛广场，这里有西班牙最具代表性的斗牛场地，即皇家骑士斗牛场。
漫步在塞维利亚市中心，我们能看到许多著名的街道，如塞尔佩斯街（Sierpes）和坎帕那街（Campana）；此外，还有许多教堂、医院、文艺复兴和巴洛克风格的宫殿。在玛卡莱纳区，还有大力神林荫道、辛戈亚加斯（Cinco llagas）医院（也是安达卢西亚议会所在地）、玛卡莱纳大教堂（la Basílica de la Macarena）和圣•洛伦索教堂（la iglesia de San Lorenzo）。在这两个教堂中有塞维利亚人最为喜爱的两个形象：希望圣女像以及耶稣像，在圣周游行中，它们都被做成真人大小。
卡尔图哈岛（la Isla de la Cartuja）位于河畔东侧，这里有1992年环球博览会留下的场馆，卡尔图哈古迹遗址群和安达卢西亚当代艺术中心也座落在此。
在塞维利亚您还可以去参观美术博物馆（el de Bellas Artes），它是西班牙最重要的专业博物馆之一。博物馆座落在慈恩修道院内，收藏有埃尔格莱戈、贝拉斯克斯、祖巴兰、和瓦尔德斯•雷阿尔等大师的作品，其中尤以穆里略的作品收藏而著名。
教堂博物馆（el Museo Catedralicio）收藏展出的则是珍贵的金银饰品、名画、圣骨、珠宝和宗教装饰物。
另外一个重要的博物馆是省考古博物馆（el Arqueológico Provincial）。这里收集了附近伊塔里卡罗马城里出土的陶器等珍贵文物，以及东方风格的一些文物。如果您想更深入地了解罗马世界，可以去参观有趣的雷布里哈女伯爵博物馆（la Casa Museo de la Condesa de Lebrija）里的收藏。
但如果您有充分的时间可以去参观伊塔里卡考古区（Conjunto Arqueológico de Itálica），那里有竞技场遗址和亚德里亚诺区，里面有罗马时期让人钦佩的镶嵌雕花作品和雕塑。
不要忘了去参观民俗和艺术博物馆（el Museo de Artes y Costumbres Populares），馆内收藏有十分有趣的展品，如古代衣服、纺纱车。马拉磨以及十八和十九世纪的民间家具等。
A natural paradise on the banks of the Guadalquivir River
The entire province of Seville and a whole range of nature areas are within easy reach of Andalusia's capital city. A group of unique ecosystems can be found between the provinces of Huelva and Seville where the Guadalquivir River flows into the Atlantic Ocean.
Marshes, dunes and reserves are the most typical landscapes in the Doñana National Park, declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. This is a place to marvel at the ecological richness of the landscape, but also a place for hunting, climbing, fishing and water sports. The cultural offer includes Aracena, in Huelva, with its castle and the Las Maravillas grotto. To the north of the province you can find the Sierra Norte Nature Reserve, and its most emblematic town, Cazalla de la Sierra. The Dehesas de Sierra Morena, along the northern mountain ranges in the provinces of Huelva, Seville and Cordoba, have been declared a Biosphere Reserve. Back in the city, the Guadalquivir River is the perfect setting for a range of water sports like sailing or kayaking. People in Seville are passionate about football. There are two historical teams in the Spanish premier league –Sevilla FC and Real Betis Balompié– which gather thousands of fans every weekend at the stadiums. And if you want to improve your par, Seville has the best climate all year round to practise golf on any of the courses around the city.
A real treat for the palate
The best place to taste the typical food in Seville is probably in the bars in the historic quarter and in the districts of Triana and La Macarena, where you can enjoy a range of delicious tapas. There is a wide variety of tapas available, but whatever you choose, we recommend washing it down with a cold beer, or "fino" or "manzanilla" sherry. When you order tapas, we suggest ordering a range of flavours, to try as many as possible. Typical tapas are made of cured meats (Iberian ham, Iberian cured pork sausage...), seasoned food (olives, papas aliñás - seasoned potatoes, garlic prawns…), fried fish (anchovies, marinated dogfish, puntillitas - small squid…), montaditos (small toasted sandwiches), potato omelette and kebabs. And if you go to Seville in the hottest months, don't forget to ask for gazpacho (cold soup, made mainly with tomatoes), which is very tasty and refreshing.
For young people
Leisure alternatives for everybody
Seville is a high-spirited and lively city, which is why it connects so perfectly with young people.
There are a number of cultural activities aimed at young people. Examples include the Territorios Sevilla festival and the Festival of Nations, where you'll find traditional ethnic music, a spirit of solidarity and a wide range of multi-cultural activities. Throughout the year, some of the top national and international singers and bands appear on the city's most emblematic stages: La Cartuja Auditorium and El Palenque. The theatre offer features events staged at the Sala Imperdible by young actors from independent companies, and the Teatro Central theatre is a venue known for its innovative and groundbreaking plays. Seville's status as a major city means that every weekend all the latest films to be released in Spain can be seen in its cinemas. The capital has a large number of cinemas, many of which are located inside shopping centres. Don't miss one of the best leisure options in Seville –the Isla Mágica theme park. The exceptional atmosphere, rides and live performances are all a guarantee of an unforgettable experience. If you want to sample Seville's nightlife, you'll be spoilt for choice. The Santa Cruz neighbourhood and the Calle Argote de Molina are the ideal places for enjoying the evening's first drink.
The bustle continues to Calle Betis and La Alfalfa, with plenty of bars and nightclubs. To dance the night away, go to the areas where the streets Marqués de Paradas, Julio César, and Adriano are located, near the old Plaza de Armas station. If visiting the city in summer time, you are strongly recommended to frequent the many restaurant and bar terraces set up along the banks of the river. Young people will enjoy easy access to public transport by purchasing a Bonobús Joven, which provides discounts on city buses, or otherwise the Tarjeta Studio, good for suburban trains.
A number of options for children to have fun
Seville offers a whole range of possibilities for children.
The best place for children to have a great time in Seville is without question the Isla Mágica theme park. This park on the La Cartuja island will take you back to the time of the discovery of America, and has numerous rides, live performances and multimedia shows in the central lake. The cultural programme caters for children. In May, the Alameda Municipal Theatre organises the Puppet Festival, as well as plays for children. The numerous cinemas to be found in different parts of the city offer morning screenings and include the latest releases for all the family. A refreshing option in summer is the Aquópolis Sevilla water park. The water park has amazing slides, several pools and other attractions such as go-karting and an animal display. A great way to explore the city with children is through the initiative entitled "Adventures with the family". These four routes feature the fun and friendly Giráldez Family, who visit different parts of the city based on a different theme each time: Hidden Seville, Green Seville, Seville of Myths and Legends, and Fun Seville. More information on the Facebook profile: www.facebook.com/FamiliaGiraldez. The city also offers a whole range of other activities such as bicycle routes, kayaking and canoeing on the river, visiting parks, browsing in toyshops… Just outside the capital in the town of Guillena you'll find Mundo-Park, a site that is home to a botanical garden, a zoo and an amusement park. There are a number of attractions in the province of Seville that encourage children to learn about fauna and nature. These include the Carmona Zoo, an educational park where many species of birds and mammals live; the Trance de Aragón Animal Reserve in Utrera, which has a wide variety of species from the area and other parts of the world; the Cañada de los Pájaros Private Nature Reserve in La Puebla del Río; and El Castillo de las Guardas Nature Reserve, with exotic birds that live in semi-freedom.
Craft products such as ceramics, lace, shawls and fans, foodstuffs, fashion clothes, jewellery, gifts and antiques are just a few of things you will find in the shops of Seville. Traditional establishments stand side by side with new franchises, shopping centres and the latest fashions, thus giving a wide range of different shopping possibilities to the visitor to the capital of Andalusia.
Seville has everything for the shopper from craftwork and souvenirs to sophisticated fashion all sold in its many shops, workshops, shopping centres and street markets. There are three main shopping areas: the old quarter, Triana and Nervión.
Other useful information
Opening times: some shops, especially the major franchises and the shopping centres, are open from 10am-9pm. Traditional shops open from 10am-1.30pm and from 5-8.30pm approximately.
Sales: the winter sales generally begin in the second week of January and go on until the end of February, and the summer sales begin on 1 July and run until the end of August.
How to pay: most people pay in cash or with a credit card, when you must show your passport or identity card.
Tax free: residents from outside the European Union are entitled to have Value Added Tax (IVA) refunded on purchases of more than €90.15.
Sevilla Card: you can buy this card from the Tourist Offices and you will be given interesting discounts in certain shops, restaurants, shows and leisure centres. Using this card you can get free entrance to most of the museums in the city, free public transport and you can have a guided tour of the Santa Cruz neighbourhood.
A city open to professional tourism
Over one hundred congresses, exhibitions and other events each year endorse Seville as one of the primary destinations for business tourism in Spain.
The city's excellent transport connections include a modern international airport located just a few kilometres outside the centre, and the station for the AVE high-speed train which links to Madrid in little over two hours of travel time. All this is complemented by an extensive road network of motorways and dual carriageways which make Seville easy to reach from any point on the peninsula. The refurbished Seville Exhibition and Conference Centre, FIBES, is a social meeting point distinguished by its large-scale light-filled design and its multifunctional capacity and sustainability. It comprises three modules: a covered walkway of 3000 m² which joins the existing building with the new one; a multifunction building with a restaurant area of over 2000 m², a 2500 m² exhibition zone and a registration area of almost 700 m²; an auditorium seating 3,557 people at full capacity with a stage measuring 670 m² and a stage opening of 23 metres, which offers a wide range of possibilities for all types of meetings and congress events, in addition to musical productions and large-scale shows. It also has numerous multifunction rooms. Seville's hotel capacity is beyond any doubt, as it has almost 10,000 hotel beds distributed among five and four-star hotels, and around 3,500 places in three star hotels. Its distinctive accommodation options include the Alfonso XIII hotel, located in a neo-Mudéjar building, and the Casas de la Judería hotel in the centre of the old Jewish quarter, in what was once the house of the Duke of Béjar.
On the outskirts of Seville, there are three specially significant hotels: The Hacienda Benazuza (Benazuza Country Estate), in Sanlúcar la Mayor; the Casa de Carmona Hotel; and the Parador Alcázar del Rey Don Pedro, in Carmona.