本网站使用cookies以保证用户的最佳体验。如果你继续浏览本网站,我们认为你接受cookies的使用。你可以点击我们的 cookies政策以获取更多信息或了解如何更改设置。



Great Mosque of Cordoba

科尔多瓦

位置:

自治区:
Andalucía

省 / 岛:
Córdoba

Córdoba

  • x

    世界遗产:联合国科教文组织授予的称号。


位于安达卢西亚自治区内的科尔多瓦市是历史与现代的结合体。这座千年古城已被联合国宣布为人类遗产,历史遗留下来的各种文化在它身上得到了鲜活展现。   很少有城市能够像科尔多瓦这样,成为罗马帝国统治下的西班牙的首都,同时又成为回教王朝的首都。地杰人灵,科尔多瓦知性历史的氛围孕育诞生了塞内卡(Séneca)、阿韦洛埃斯(Averroes)、麦莫尼德斯(Maimónides)等伟大人物。 科尔多瓦清真寺(Mezquita de Cordoba)—教堂周围围绕着的是美丽的、多为木质结构的街巷、广场和庭院,清真寺-教堂是中世纪时期的科尔多瓦的重要建筑,也是本市的真正标志。 科尔多瓦传承了辉煌过去,但也不失现代风范。它适应发展需要,提供了最现代的基础设施、服务和多样化的酒店。

查看更多

科尔多瓦与安达卢西亚其省其它重要城市连接紧密,高速铁路和密集的公路网拉近了它和马德里和塞维利亚等大城市的距离。市内则公交畅通、的士方便,可在数分钟内将旅客送往任何地方。 科尔多瓦也是艺术、文化和休闲的盛地,经常举行丰富多样的文化活动:弗朗明戈舞会、音乐会、芭蕾……科尔多瓦还有很多博物馆,同时它的夜生活激情澎湃。 与此同时,科尔多瓦还包涵了安达卢西亚遗产的重要部分,这在市外的美迪纳阿萨哈拉(Medina Azahara)得到了最大展示。同时科尔多瓦也为自然爱好者提供了广阔场地。卡尔达纳山上的自然公园、奥尔纳楚洛斯山、苏贝蒂卡斯山让人们在尽享科尔多瓦风光和文化财富的同时,也可以进行各种形式的户外运动。

关闭




不容错过



地图/地点



科尔多瓦 为你

文化游

古老的哈里发科尔多瓦王国辉煌犹存

科尔多瓦历史区被宣布为人类文化遗产,至今保留着古老辉煌的科尔多瓦哈里发王朝的遗迹,当时的科尔多瓦是中世纪欧洲最有文化氛围和优雅的城市之一。

10世纪,在阿卜杜勒•拉赫曼三世(Abderramán III)的统治下,麦迪纳(Medina)开始拥有近千座清真寺、800个澡堂和先进的公众照明系统。其城市的建筑规模堪与君士坦丁堡、大马士革和巴格达相媲美。
其中最著名的景色当属达清真寺(la Gran Mezquita)。它建成后,因为气势恢宏和丰富的财宝而声名远播。矗立在西哥特厅堂里的“圆柱森林”(有近1千根柱子)是该寺的最大看点之一。19个正厅组成了原寺庙长方形的主体,它们被一个由马蹄形连拱和中等连拱组成的双连拱分开。红白相间的石头和砖块的混合,加上大理石雕像、粉饰灰泥、镶嵌图案和石膏,是清真寺的装饰风格。 现在大教堂和清真寺合为一体,因为基督教徒征服科尔多瓦后,决定在清真寺内修建一个哥特式风格的大教堂。后来又加进了拜占庭和巴洛克风格。因为几何图案和外观的缘故,又修建了烟囱拱顶和巴洛克装饰。 另一个西班牙穆斯林的遗址是犹太人区( la Judería),该区从清真寺一直延伸至城墙和阿尔莫多瓦门。区内是狭窄的木结构街道,街面皆由瓷砖和栅栏装饰。犹太区内有鲜花广场、伯爵之家和科尔多瓦市唯一保存的一个犹太大教堂。 13世纪,在圣人费尔南多三世的统治下,科尔多瓦市又建造了新的防御性建筑,如基督教国王城堡(el Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos)和卡拉荷拉塔(la Torre de la Calahorra)。国王城堡位于瓜达基维尔河畔,是个防御建筑,堡内有极其美丽的花园、喷泉和水渠。河畔和罗马桥的另一侧是卡拉荷拉塔,是另一个围墙城堡的一部分。 科尔多瓦城内有无数广场。波特罗广场、哥雷德拉广场、卡普奇诺广场是3个最美最有代表性的广场。还有不计其数的历史建筑,著名的有圣巴布罗教堂、圣安德列斯教堂和孔巴尼亚教堂等。 另一方面,有名的博物馆则有斗牛博物馆(el Museo Taurino),考古博物馆( el Museo Arqueológico),省美术馆(el Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes)和胡里奥•罗梅罗•德多雷斯博物馆(Museo Julio Romero de Torres)等。 考古博物馆建在文艺复兴风格的帕埃斯宫内,收藏有伊比利亚、罗马、西哥特、穆斯林、穆德哈雷和文艺复兴时期的各种文物。 现在的美术馆(El Museo de Bellas Artes)所在地即过去的慈善医院。这里收藏了安达卢西亚最多的艺术珍品。其中最为引人注目的是巴尔德斯•雷亚尔(Valdés Leal)、祖巴兰(Zurbarán)、穆里略(Murillo)、帕洛米诺斯(Palomino)、安东 尼奥•德卡斯蒂略(Antonio del Castillo)和胡安•德佩尼亚洛萨(Juan de Peñalosa)的绘画作品,以及胡安•德梅萨(Juan de Mesa)和马特奥•伊努里亚(Mateo Inurria)的雕塑作品。 作为美术馆的配院的是胡里奥•罗梅罗•德多雷斯博物馆(Julio Romero de Torres)。这里也收藏了这位科尔多瓦绘画大师的许多作品。因其极有象征意义的流行外表和身上散发出的某种神秘色彩,他也成为了西班牙最受欢迎的画家之一。 作为一座新建筑,在旧有的主教宫基础上建立的的迪奥赛萨诺博物馆(el Museo Diocesano)专门辟出一个大厅用于收藏本省艺术家的作品。其中中世纪艺术品最为引人瞩目,并收藏了各种挂毯以及大教堂的合唱本。 16世纪建造的铅玺之家包括了斗牛博物馆(el Museo Taurino),主要展出与斗牛相关的各种档案资料,其中记载了许多科尔多瓦的斗牛历史。 科尔多瓦还有许多重要的艺术中心。其中值得一提的是恩赐宫、众议院所在地和维也纳宫,这里也是庭院博物馆。在博物馆大厅内,除了有许多华丽家具外,还收藏着许多绘画作品,挂毯、瓷器、瓷砖和火器枪炮。 其次,还有许多展览大厅,如巴托洛梅•贝尔梅霍厅、建筑师长廊以及市政大厅等。

查看更多

Cultural Cordoba

In the 13th century under Ferdinand III the Saint, new defensive structures were built, such as the Alcázar fortress of the Christian Monarchs and the Calahorra Tower. The Alcázar is a defensive construction next to the Guadalquivir River, with magnificent gardens, fountains and irrigation channels behind its walls. On the other side of the San Raphael Triumph monument and the Roman bridge, you'll find the tower, which was part of castle walls. The city of Cordoba is built around many squares. El Potro, Corredera and Capuchinos, where the Christ of the Lanterns sculpture is found, are three beautiful examples of meeting points in Cordoba. Standout buildings in the historic centre include the churches of San Pedro, San Andrés or La Compañía. If you like museums, in Cordoba you will find the Bullfighting Museum, the Archaeological Museum, the Fine Arts Museum, and the Julio Romero de Torres Museum. The Archaeology Museum with its Iberian, Roman, Visigoth, Muslim, Mudejar and Renaissance items, can be found in the Renaissance Palace of the Páez family. The Fine Arts Museum, situated in the old La Caridad Hospital, houses an interesting collection of work mostly by Andalusian artists. Highlights include drawings by Valdés Leal, Zurbarán, Murillo, Palomino, Antonio del Castillo and Juan de Peñalosa, and sculptures by Juan de Mesa and Mateo Inurria. The Museum of Fine Arts shares its courtyard with the Julio Romero de Torres Museum, which houses the work by this Cordoba-born painter, who became very popular thanks to his paintings full of customs, symbolism and a certain halo of mystery. The Diocesan Museum of Fine Arts, in the old Episcopal Palace, dedicates a room to artists from the province. Another important room is the one dedicated to medieval art, and the collection of tapestries and choir books from the cathedral also stands out. The Casa de las Bulas (16th century) houses the Bullfighting Museum, which has a bullfighting-related collection, and many of the items are closely connected with the bullfighting tradition in the city. Cordoba also has major art centres including La Merced Palace, housing the regional government, and Viana Palace, also known as the Patios Museum. Its rooms, as well as rich furniture, contain important collections of paintings, tapestries, china, tiles and firearms. The many exhibition spaces in the city are not less important, such as the Sala Capitulares.

关闭


Active

Protected spaces with a high ecological value

People who love nature and sports with a low impact on the environment will find protected spaces with a high ecological value in the province of Cordoba. Some of them are the nature parks of Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro, Sierra de Hornachuelos and Sierras Subbéticas.

These spaces have many hiking routes and the chance to practise climbing, caving, mountain biking and paragliding. Routes along the banks of the Guadalquivir River and the Cordoba countryside will enable you to discover the natural treasures in this province. Cordoba is great for hunting, especially in the Sierra Morena mountains. There are several controlled hunted areas - more than 200 private reserves and 1,300 small game reserves. The Guadalquivir Reserve and its tributaries, as well as the reservoirs, offer ideal places for pole fishing. Golf lovers will also be able to enjoy the excellent facilities that the Cordoba Country Club and Pozoblanco Golf Club offer, both with 18 holes.    


Gastronomic

A wide variety of inland products

The year-round orange colour and smell of orange blossom in spring provide the ideal setting to try a wide variety of products (Iberian cured meats, cheese, fish and mainly excellent stews) served in almost all the bars and restaurants in the city, washed down with a large glass of wine, which has a special taste in Cordoba.

The old quarter and districts like San Andrés, San Lorenzo and Santa Marina are full of traditional taverns where you can enjoy delicious tapas: go from one bar to another and enjoy delicious wine from Cordoba (the best is the Montilla-Moriles Designation of Origin) and small and varied portions of typical dishes which are often free with your drink. You can try pickled anchovies or the typical flamenquín (fried serrano ham roll). Tipping is not obligatory, although it is common practice.

If you are looking for elaborate cuisine, you will find magnificent restaurants in the historic quarter and in the city centre. When ordering, bear in mind that some of the most typical dishes of the area are salmorejo (a type of cold tomato soup with bread, garlic and olive oil), bull's tail or pastel cordobés (puff pastry filled with candied pumpkin).


For young people

A wide range of activities for young people

Cordoba is a cheerful, lively city, which is why it makes such an easy connection with young people.

One of the main customs is to spend the evening at the terraces and ice-cream parlours or to make the rounds of the best of the traditional inns and taverns. Many of these have a particular look and some, such as the famous "Pepe el de la Judería" ("Pepe of the Jewish Quarter"), now belong to the living history of the city. Other experiences you can't miss in Cordoba are the shows in one of the flamenco clubs (look for them in the Jewish Quarter) or one of the guided night tours that start in Plaza de las Tendillas. Later in the night, when its discotheques, pubs and fashionable nightspots open, Cordoba becomes a party town where you can enjoy music and dancing into the early hours of the morning. You'll find these places in the centre and the area surrounding the Town Hall, as well as in areas such as El Arenal, Ciudad Jardín or Polígono Chinales. Or if you prefer, the city and its surroundings have great leisure centres, with shops, restaurants and multiplex cinemas, such as Cines El Arcángel, Zoco Multicines and Guadalquivir Cinemas. Student Card holders enjoy big reductions on the admission price. This ID will also give discounts on admission to the majority of the city's museums and exhibitions. Cordoba's calendar of leisure events includes an attractive range of festivals covering different fields of the arts: music, theatre, cinema, etc. Some of them have a long tradition in the province, as in the case of "Pop-Zoblanco", a summer festival open to upcoming young pop and rock artists. In July and August Cordoba organises the "Noches de embrujo" (Nights of Enchantment) festival, where horse and flamenco shows take place every night; as well as music, dance and theatre festivals; performances inside the monuments, recitals… Film lovers will head for the Audiovisual Creation Competition of Cabra, which focuses of the world of short films. Other very attractive festivals include the Theatre Fair of the South, held annually in Palma del Río, and Sensxperiment, which gathers the latest trends in multimedia and experimental art. There is also a cultural theme park recreating the ancient splendour of the Caliphate of Cordoba, called Ciudad Al Mansur. This space includes a faithful reproduction of a medieval Hispanic-Moorish city, with gardens, a mosque, a palace and typical Arab street markets.


With children

Fun for all the family

In Cordoba there are many green spaces around the city, where you can go for a stroll, and for children to have fun. The Botanical Gardens, situated on the right side of the Guadalquivir River, are one of the main places for this.

This place has an Ethnobotanical Museum, the only one of its type in Spain and teaches about the relationship of the human race with plants. Most of it is outdoors, with large wooded areas. It has a greenhouse divided into different microclimates. Opposite the Botanical Gardens is Cordoba Zoo, which is designed as a garden with abundant vegetation. Here children will be able to discover a little about the local fauna. However, in the capital there are also many other charming spaces, such as the Moorish-style Alcázar gardens, with pools, water jets, hedges and aromatic plants; the Paseo de la Victoria, together with the Diego de Rivas and the Vallellano gardens, a beautiful urban green area; or the Ribera Gardens, situated in the Guadalquivir riverbed, with islets, waterfowl and old mills, as well as the Albolafía waterwheel. Like any large city, Cordoba has a good number of cinemas. Most of them screen films in special children's matinees on weekends and public holidays, with special prices for children.

查看更多

Córdoba con niños

The rest of the province of Cordoba also offers many activities for children. In the town of La Carlota, surrounded by nature, youngsters will be able to visit the Fuente Redonda Educational Farm and to learn first-hand about the rural way of life. The facilities include, among others, a stable, an orchard, a swimming pool, and other recreational areas. During the summer, Aquasierra opens its doors to combat the heat with water and many cool rides. This water park, 25 kilometres from Cordoba city, will provide unforgettable days of fun days for people of all ages.

关闭


Shopping

The cobbled streets of the old quarter of Cordoba are filled with small shops selling quality craft products. Ornately carved silver, leather repoussé work and food produce are the most popular souvenirs of the city.

From the typical souvenirs and craft work from the shops and workshops of the Jewish Quarter, to the fashion, books and CDs from the shops in the pedestrian precinct in the centre of the city or the shopping centres on the outskirts, the city of Cordoba offers the visitor a wide range of products.

Other useful information

Opening times: some shops, especially the major franchises and the shopping centres, are open from 10am-9pm. Traditional shops open from 10am-1.30pm and from 5-8.30pm approximately.
Sales: the winter sales generally begin in the second week of January and go on until the end of February, and the summer sales begin on 1 July and run until the end of August.
How to pay: most people pay in cash or with a credit card, when you must show your passport or identity card.
Tax free: residents from outside the European Union are entitled to have Value Added Tax (IVA) refunded on purchases of more than €90.15.        






Business

Modern facilities for trade fairs and conventions

Cordoba, a traditional melting pot of different cultures, stands today as an important business centre. For this purpose, the city offers the most modern facilities, which can host all kinds of trade fairs, conventions and forums, both national and international.

Quick and easy access to the city is possible thanks to the location of Cordoba Airport, a few kilometres away from the city centre, and the Madrid-Sevilla high speed train (AVE). The IFECO, the Cordoba Institute of Fairs and Exhibitions, organises exhibitions and shows at the San Carlos Trade Fair Centre, located beside the N-IV motorway. The Congress and Exhibition Hall, equipped with versatile rooms, auditoriums, press rooms and other facilities, plays host to many conferences, seminars, and business meetings. Cordoba also has an excellent network of accommodation to meet visitors' needs. The city boasts a varied selection of four-star hotels, in exceptional locations to the north of the capital on the slope of the sierra, and in the historic quarter, within walking distance of all the main monuments. Among these, the Parador de Córdoba, located on the slopes of the mountain, gives wonderful views of the countryside and the city. In addition, the city provides wide range of three-star accommodation. Cordoba's many tourist attractions include numerous cinemas, museums, restaurants, pavement cafés, and so on. All this goes along with the Andalusian charm of the area around the Mosque-Cathedral, by day or by night.