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Casa Milà

巴塞罗那

位置:

自治区:
Cataluña

省 / 岛:
Barcelona

Barcelona

巴塞罗那,是加泰罗尼亚(Cataluña)的首府,也是一座地中海城市。这座城市的在其规划中融合了罗马风格的痕迹、中世纪风格的城区、极为漂亮的现代主义风格的及20世纪的先驱者的作品,因而成为一座世界性的城市。顺理成章地,国际科技教育文化组织宣布两位加泰罗尼亚建筑师安东尼•高迪和路易斯•多门内奇•蒙塔奈尔建造的标志性建筑为世界人类遗产。 这座城市在展示通俗文化的同时,也没有忘记根深蒂固的传统。比如说,梅尔塞节还有在格拉西亚区、桑斯区或波布雷诺区举办的节庆活动,都向游客提供着不可多得的认识巴塞罗那的欢庆一面的机会。 以蔬果,新鲜水产香肠和橄榄油为基本原料,传统与现代相融合的烹饪手艺可以烹制出具有革新性又富有想象力的美食。于此,手工糖果和泡沫葡萄酒只能浅浅地触摸到巴塞罗那饮食文化的精髓。 溯源至罗马人时期,悠久的历史和经济活力使巴塞罗那成为一处让人印象深刻的文化宝藏。因为它保留着丰富的历史艺术遗产,同时也鼓励最新的艺术潮流,因而享有盛誉。一份内容繁杂的文化薄记带领游客者们游览博物馆、展览馆、露天雕塑……然后又将他们引入层出不迭的丰富的音乐、歌剧和舞蹈节目当中。

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Popular culture also has its manifestations in this city, which still conserves its most cherished traditions, like the fiestas of La Mercè or the festivities in the neighbourhoods of Gràcia, Sants and Poblenou. These are all exceptional opportunities for getting to know the city's more festive side.
Tradition and modernity can also be seen in its innovative and imaginative gastronomy, based on fresh garden produce, fresh fish, a wide variety of sausages and olive oil. Traditional handmade cakes and pastries and sparkling wines are some of the other highlights in this brief overview of Barcelona's gastronomic culture.

Strolling around the streets of Barcelona will bring surprises at every turn. Pedestrian streets in the old quarter, green spaces, and a splendid seafront with a range of modern facilities are a reflection of its multi-faceted character. Barcelona has cleverly succeeded in embracing its past without forgetting its commitment to the future. The city is endowed with some exceptional infrastructures which are in demand as venues for seminars, symposia and international events. Its exceptional transport connections, the Mediterranean climate and the multitude of attractions for visitors make Barcelona one of the world's leading business cities. Business parks and exhibition and conference centres host a wide range of initiatives.
Visitors coming to Barcelona for pleasure or on business can also enjoy the city's Mediterranean character, which can so clearly be seen on the Barc elona coast. The city also has lovely urban beaches, marine resorts, and golf courses on the seashore. Nature lovers will not have to go far to explore the mountains in the Cordillera Litoral range and the Catalan Pyrenees.  

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查看目的地所有信息:
http://www.barcelonaturisme.com/




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地图/地点



巴塞罗那 为你

文化游

巴塞罗那的历史遗迹之多样之丰富使得在不同城区的游览路线不计其数。

这样,游客将会认识到这座城市的千种面貌。

巴市最主要的中心区域,是罗马人时期被城墙围绕的部分,现在则构成哥特区。狭窄的街道、简洁的广场和漂亮的转角一起掩映着位数众多的哥特式的平民和宗教建筑的经典之作。在令人难忘的伯爵城大教堂(Catedral de la Ciudad Condal)周围,矗立着一些中世纪宫殿,诸如副主教官邸(la Casa dels Canonges)和皮亚阿尔摩纳宫殿(La Pia Almoina o Casa d´Ardiaca)。国王广场周围汇集了另外一处精妙建筑构成的迷宫,比如大王宫,圣阿加塔祭坛或者城市历史博物馆。在这个区里,以圣加乌马广场(la plaça de Sant Jaume)为中心聚集着一些重要的机构,自治区政府和市政府或城市之家。不应该忘记梅尔塞教堂(la iglesia de la Mercè),巴塞罗那的守护神。

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哥特区旁边是同样起源于中世纪的里贝拉区。当时,是商人和渔民聚居的地方,但是随着时间的推移也出现了美轮美奂的别墅。其中一些已经改造成巴塞罗那 重要的博物馆。里奥侯爵夫妇的府邸(El Palacio de los Marqueses de Llió)(纺织和服装博物馆)、纳达尔宫(前哥伦布时期艺术博物馆)(el Palau Nadal)或者阿吉拉之家(el Palau Aguilar)(毕加索博物馆)只是其中的代表。巴塞罗那的包容性使得我们在短短几米的距离中穿越时空,从海之圣母教堂(la iglesia de Santa María del Mar)的哥特式结构飞跃至加泰罗尼亚音乐厅(el Modernismo del Palau de la Música Catalana)的现代主义。
19世纪末确立了巴塞罗那中心地带的城区发展策略,那就是扩建区域。城市中的方格区域中夹带着宽阔的马路和斜角,而它们又将形状不规则的老城区和他 周围山区的郊区居民连接起来。在那一时代崛起的加泰罗尼亚的资产阶级就在这片区域中采用最大胆的现代主义元素构筑起他们宅邸和别墅高迪(Gaudí)。多 门内奇•蒙塔内尔(Doménech i Montaner)和普伊格•卡达法尔奇(Puig i Cadafalch)等建筑师在应用艺术工匠的协助下让巴塞罗那的街道处处充满神奇。古埃尔公园(El Park Güell)、古埃尔宫(Palau Güell)和米拉之家(la Casa Milà)、再加上加泰罗尼亚音乐厅(el Palau de la Música Catalana)和多门内奇•蒙塔内尔(Doménech i Montaner)设计的圣保罗医院(el Hospital de Sant Pau),这些建筑已被世界科教文组织列为世界人类遗产。圣家教堂(El Templo de la Sagrada Familia)、莫雷拉之家(la Casa Lleó Morera)、阿马特雷尔之家(la Casa Amatller)或巴特罗宫(la Casa Batlló)只是这座城市里数之不尽的现代主义珍宝之中的若干个而已。

拉兰布拉大街(La Rambla)是老城区中通向地中海的主要干道之一,也是把握这个城市的脉搏的最佳场所之一。从圣安娜的罗马教堂一直到花鸟市场,这条街道通过铺展各色的 地段为造访者呈示着一幢幢文艺复兴时期和巴洛克风格的建筑。莫哈宫(Palau Moja)、贝特雷姆教堂(la iglesia de Betlem)或圣克雷乌医院(el Hospital de la Santa Creu)都是经典的路标性建筑。此区中其他一些文化生活和休闲中心有维雷伊纳宫(el Palau de la Virreina)(现为展览中心)、博克利亚(Boquería)市场、或者里塞乌(Liceu)大剧院。

巴塞罗那是一座面海的城市,她临海的那一部份城区汇集了各种不同艺术风格的建筑。Les Drassanes、古老的船坞、海洋博物馆(y la Llotja del mar)都是中世纪港口设施的样板。Casas porticadas 则伸向休塔德里亚(Ciutadella)公园,奥林匹克村和奥林匹克港。海滩和码头一连串博物馆式和休闲场所(海洋馆、3D影院、哥伦布瞭望台……)把 巴塞罗那港口变成了一个世界性的、充满生活情调的地方。

一些现代的设施则是因1992年的奥运会而兴建的。这些设施与1929年的万国博览会遗址一起屹立在蒙居克山上。蒙居克城堡(军事博物馆)占据着这 个标志性的高地,从那里可以俯瞰巴塞罗那城市建筑中的瑰宝:西班牙广场、魔术喷泉、民族宫(具有中世纪环境的加泰罗尼亚美术馆)或者奥林匹克环只是这些杰 出作品中的几个代表。奥运会体育场(El Estadi Olímpic)、卡拉特拉瓦塔(la Torre de Calatrava)、圣乔尔蒂体育馆(el Palau d´Esports Sant Jordi)、里卡多•波菲尔的加泰罗尼亚体育教育学院(el Pabellón INEFC)也位于这个像花园一样美丽的地区。

巴塞罗那的文化反映在她的楼宇、公园和露天的雕塑上,同时也反映在她数不清的博物馆上。以艺术家本人命名的比如毕加索(Picasso),米罗 (Miró),塔皮埃斯(Tàpies)或者高迪博物馆都收藏他们的作品。所有时期的艺术物品都保存在市历史博物馆,加泰罗尼亚历史博物馆,现代美术馆或 当代艺术博物馆。其他很多组织通过长期和临时的展览展出先锋艺术作品。巴塞罗那当代文化中心(El Centre de Cultura Contemporànea de Barcelona)或者卡伊莎中心(CaixaForum)就是其中的两个, 其中展出的艺术品同样极具分量。巴塞罗那的博物馆还为游客提供很多其他的选择:考古学,动物学,科学,人种学,前发现美洲时期的艺术品……数不清的展馆构 成了这一丰富又种类繁多的文化生活选择。

市政府为游客提供了巴塞罗那观光卡(为期1至5天不等)。凭此可享受免费交通,同时可以在参观博物馆、观看文艺演出甚至是光顾餐馆时享受较大的折 扣,这是此卡最具吸引力的因素。您也可以购买艺术联票,凭此可以享受优惠票价并可以多次进出加泰罗尼亚美术馆、建筑师里查德•梅耶尔(Richard Meier)设计的当代艺术博物馆、米罗博物馆(la Fundació Joan Miró)、安东尼•塔皮埃斯博物馆(la Fundació Antoni Tàpies)、巴塞罗那当代文化中心(el CCCB)、加泰罗尼亚卡伊沙文化中心(el Centre Cultural Caixa de Catalunya)和米拉之家(la Casa Milà)。  

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Active

Sports for everybody

With the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, large sports facilities were built in the city. These facilities are used for important shows, professional training and for the general public to practise sports.

Thanks to Barcelona's exceptional location, surrounded by mountains and next to the sea, it offers a wide range of possibilities. All water sports are possible with courses and activities organised in the marinas. Sailing, windsurfing, scuba diving or snorkelling are just some examples of what can be done. In the city you can also find a wide variety of sports activities: football and athletics fields, swimming pools, ice rinks, horse riding circuits, shooting ranges… All these spaces are well-communicated by public transport, as well as the golf courses, which are situated in nearby towns. There are beautiful greens next to the Mediterranean, where golfers will enjoy both the game and the stunning views. The natural surroundings of Barcelona are also perfect for practising many adventure sports and enjoying nature. Hang-gliding, paragliding, quads, hiking and cycle touring are some examples.

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The scenic wealth of Catalonia can be seen in places near Barcelona like the Barcelona coast, the Cordillera Costera mountains and the Catalan Pyrenees. An extensive coastline with broad expanses of sand, cliffs dropping steeply into the sea, and pine groves growing down to the shore... these are a few of the features of the ecological diversity of its seaboard. For those who prefer the mountains, there are the peaks and crests of the pre-Pyrenees and the eastern Pyrenean mountains in the provinces of Lleida and Girona.
The protected spaces of Barcelona, which include the nature reserves of Montseny, San Llorenç de Munt i Serra d'Obac and the Muntanya de Montserrat, are also well worth a visit. In fact, the forests of holm oak, cork oak, pine, oak and beech in Montseny have been declared a Biosphere Reserve by the UNESCO. The visitor centres and interpretation centres can provide travellers with information about the most attractive routes and activities for exploring and enjoying the area.

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Gastronomic

Mediterranean flavours

Cosmopolitan, with Mediterranean essences, the gastronomy in Barcelona is a showcase for the great Catalan recipes.

Some typical dishes are the butifarra amb mongetes (white beans with Catalan pork sausage), escudella and carn d'olla (hearty casseroles), and the famous pa amb tomàquet (country bread with tomato and olive oil). And we must not forget desserts such as crema catalana (similar to crème brûlée) or the excellent wines of Alella, Pla de Bages and Penedès.


For young people

The latest art and music trends

Barcelona is a city of the future which caters for the tastes and hobbies of young people.

It offers a broad programme including cinema, theatre, music and art, which is highlighted with the different festivals that take place in Barcelona. The BAM (Barcelona Acció Musical) and Sónar (Barcelona International Festival of Progressive Music and Multimedia Arts)  prove that the city is interested in the latest art and music trends. Visitors will find a music, film or theatre festival at almost any time of the year.

Hundreds of people gather at traditional Catalan festivities, such as the Mercè Fiestas (declared of National Tourist Interest), to attend gigs by the most prestigious international bands.

There is also interesting nightlife in Barcelona - visitors can find the most innovative clubs next to important museums, parks, historic gardens and shopping centres. Discos, live music, pubs and restaurants are situated in the most emblematic places in town. Select atmosphere in Diagonal, original clubs in the Barrio de Gràcia area and terraces in Port Vell, Port Olímpic and any square in the city are some of the attractions of the nightlife in Barcelona.

The excellent sports facilities in Barcelona are available for visitors who want to practise any sport. The marinas and facilities that were built for the 1992 Olympic Games are worth visiting both for their architecture and their activities. Large concerts and important competitions also take place in these facilities. Football fans will have the chance to watch memorable matches in the FC Barcelona and Espanyol stadiums, respectively.

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Situated on the shore of the Mediterranean, Barcelona has a good number of urban beaches, where visitors will be able to enjoy the great climate of this coast. The opportunity for windsurfing, sailing, scuba diving or canoeing will be exciting for both beginners and pros and if visitors want to continue with open-air sports, the fact that Barcelona is very near the Pyrenees and to the coastal hills that make up the Cordillera Litoral should not be forgotten. Hiking, cycle touring, paragliding and hang-gliding are activities enabling travellers to discover the Catalan capital's natural surroundings. Young people travelling with an ISIC card and student identification will enjoy numerous discounts at museums and exhibitions. They will also benefit from discounts on public transport. A wonderful option is to buy the Barcelona Card. This card, created for one to five-day stays, includes urban public transport and significant discounts at museums, shows, leisure facilities, nightclubs, stores and restaurants. Those interested in visiting the city's most important museums can buy the Articket, saving them a considerable amount of money.

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With children

Activities for all the family

A large capital like Barcelona has an amazing and varied range of activities available all over the city, as well as urban beaches - La Barceloneta, Marbella, Nova Marbella, Nova Icaria and Bogatell.

The nautical facilities at the port offer the chance to practise many water sports where the children will be able to take their first steps in these sports. Children and grown-ups alike will love a boat trip along the port in the popular "Golondrinas", where they will be able to see the most modern face of Barcelona's coast.

If you want to see many species of animals, you can go to L'Aquàrium and the Zoo. Direct observation, animated films, workshops, stories and interactive spaces for exploring are some of the proposals for children to have fun whilst learning.

The Barcelona Maritime Museum (MMB) is also sea-related. This centre, situated in the historic building of Drassanes Reials, has an important educational programme. Activities in the museum, the Spharea (an inflatable and portable planetarium) and the boat anchored in the port are all part of the educational programme at the Sea Educational Resources Centre.

Museums of Science, Textile and Clothing, Decorative Art or Ceramics have prepared educational workshops and programmes for children of different ages. The programme for children continues in galleries such as the Joan Miró Foundation, the National Art Museum of Catalonia (MNAC) or the Barcelona Contemporary Art Museum (MACBA), amongst many others. Different activities and guided visits that are particularly aimed at children and young people enable them to have fun and take in these art collections. 

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Barcelona with children

Barcelona's calendar of events never forgets youngsters. The Liceu Opera House and the Fundació La Caixa Cultural Centre host family concerts, while the Catalan Government Film Archive shows films suitable for all ages during its family showings. One of the most impressive venues in Barcelona is the IMAX 3D, located in Port Vell. In addition, the Jove Teatre Regina specialises in staging plays geared to young theatre lovers. Barcelona's vast network of cultural centres and public libraries is also responsible for organising theatre and storytelling workshops. To all these choices, the visitor must add a visit to the Museum of the Barcelona Football Club, to the Camp Nou (the club's official stadium) and to the Olympic Stadium, where Barcelona's other football club, R.C.D. Espanyol, plays. The Amusement Park and the Museum of Robots can be found at the top of the Tibidabo mountain. Many parks and gardens are spread throughout the city, offering unforgettable leisure opportunities for the whole family. The Park Güell (a World Heritage Site), the Migdia Park (located at the Montjuïc hill), the Ciutadella Park and the Paseo Marítimo are some of the best places to take a stroll and play games.

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购物

除了手工作坊、时尚商铺和露天市场,巴塞罗那市内也涌现出市政市场,艺术走廊和古董商店。穿梭于伯爵城的街道,走过一家又一家商铺就是在发掘一个个充满各种可能的小世界,这可以满足所有人的喜好,又适合各种消费水平的游客。

巴塞罗那本身是非常具有吸引力的庞大的购物中心,她最主要的购物轴心被称为“采购线”,由五公里长的步行街和宽阔的人行道组成,有能力满足最挑剔的需求。手工作坊、专卖店、连锁店、购物中心和市场一起铺展出加泰罗尼亚首府的商业设施。在这座地中海城市里,有三个购物区值得一提:市中心、埃伊桑普雷区(Eixample)和迪亚格纳尔区(Diagonal)。

其他资料

时间: 大部分商店和购物中心的营业时间为10点至20点30分或21点30分。传统店铺的营业时间为10点至14点,16点30分至20点30分。
降价期: 一般情况下,从一月的第二周开始到二月底为冬季货品折扣期,从7月1日至8月底为夏季货品折扣期。
如何付款:一般为付现金,或者刷卡,需要出示护照或身份证件。
退税:欧盟以外的居民,购买价值超过90.15欧元的商品,有权要求退换商品增值税。
公车购物路线:提供一条特别为穿越城市购物区而设计的路线。从加泰罗尼亚广场出发,直到皮乌斯十二世广场。
石镇购物之旅:尽享三个小时在马德里最佳购物场所“outlet”的购物乐趣。更多信息 +34 938423900.
巴塞罗那卡:在市旅游办公室即可买到,持有此卡,不仅可以获得商店,餐馆,演出和休闲中心喜人的折扣,还有其他非常讨喜的优惠,比如免票进入一些主要博物馆,或者免费乘坐公共交通。


Business

Modern infrastructures at the service of the visitor

Barcelona is a dynamic and modern city that looks to the future. Established as an important financial and business centre, the city offers first-class infrastructures to the visitor.

Thanks to its excellent communications network, its wide range of culture and entertainment, and its excellent climate, Barcelona is the city of choice each year for holding innumerable trade fairs, symposiums and international conferences.

The Fira de Barcelona, the city's largest trade fair complex, is located next to the hill at Montjuïc. Monumental buildings, the heritage of the 1929 World Exhibition and the 1992 Olympics, as well as museums and gardens surround some 250,000 square meters of exhibition space. Halls and pavilions, with different capacities, host the most varied events. The Barcelona Convention Centre is the space best suited for conferences and conventions. The nearby premises in Gran Vía (the M2, 3km from Montjuïc) have another Convention Centre equipped with the most innovative services. Taxis, underground, suburban trains and the cable car all reach the Fira, which is a short distance from El Prat airport, the port of Barcelona, and L'Estació de França railway station.

Many of the city's most emblematic buildings are equipped with auditoriums and conference rooms ideal for holding business meetings and all kinds of exhibitions. The Palau de Sant Jordi, built at Montjuïc by Japanese architect Arata Isozaki, is one of the most surprising of them all. The Catalonia Convention Centre is also an important venue for business meetings.

Many other institutions offer facilities and services for holding exhibitions, receptions and meetings to the highest standards. The Estació de França railway station; historic buildings such as the Palau de la Virreina, and the Palau Nacional de Montjuïc; museums such as the Picasso Museum or the Joan Miró Foundation, and cultural centres such as the Barcelona Centre for Contemporary Culture are all equipped with impressive buildings that host a wide variety of exhibitions and events.

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Gems of modern architecture like L'Auditori and the National Theatre of Catalonia, built by the Spanish architects Ricardo Bofill and Rafael Moneo respectively, are also examples of highly versatile spaces. The World Trade Centre, on the shore of the Mediterranean, is also home to a very important business centre. Many companies hold their largest meetings there.

It should be noted that Barcelona has more than 200 hotels, with more than 34,000 places, spread throughout the city. Classic historic buildings, Modernist monuments that the visitor must not miss and buildings designed by acclaimed architects are all part of the extensive array of accommodation available. Innovative infrastructure, with computer technology and web access, is present in many of the hotels, especially in the ones designed for executive use.

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Nightlife

Discos, live music, pubs and restaurants are situated in the most emblematic places in town. Select atmosphere in Diagonal, original clubs in the Barrio de Gràcia area and terraces in Port Vell, Port Olímpic and any square in the city are some of the attractions of the nightlife in Barcelona. We propose a range of ideas to help you enjoy the nightlife in this city from the early evening until dawn.

Early evening
(between 8 pm and
11 pm approximately) For dinner: in Barcelona you’ll be able to enjoy exquisitely prepared modern Mediterranean cuisine at the hands of some of Spain’s greatest chefs such as Martín Berasategui. What’s more, Barcelona’s restaurants offer the chance to dine in unique and original venues, including an enormous glass dome with views over the city or a large tower in the harbour overlooking the sea. You’ll also be able to treat yourself to this cuisine in one of the restaurants frequented by Dalí, or in a building designed by Gaudí.

All in all, you’ll find over twenty exclusive restaurants where you can see for yourself “in situ” why expert food critics hold Barcelona in such high esteem. Try the neighbourhoods of Eixample, Gràcia, Saint Gervasi and Ciutat Vella. You won’t be sorry.

The city’s line-up of restaurants also includes numerous places where you can surprise your palate with a whole range of different tastes and flavours imported from other continents. Oriental, Arab, Indian, vegetarian, creative, fusion… Every day you’ll have the chance to try a new and exotic menu. You’ll also find places full of character, where the décor and special atmosphere will guarantee a pleasant dining experience. You’ll come across many of these restaurants while you stroll around the Barrio Gótico or El Born neighbourhoods; or if you visit the areas of El Raval or the left part of Eixample.

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Early drinks: the city of Barcelona is the perfect place to enjoy a few drinks while looking out over the Mediterranean, strolling through its streets or dining in any of its restaurants. A good area for this is the Port Vell harbour which has numerous bars and restaurants overlooking the sea, and outdoor terraces in summer. The Gothic quarter has designer restaurants, tea shops and traditional beer halls which are ideal for whiling away a few pleasant hours. It also has some of the best-known live jazz venues in the whole city, as well as classic indie sounds. Then there’s the area around the Barrio de Gràcia neighbourhood, packed with cosy bars and restaurants with a bohemian atmosphere and offering a varied gastronomy. Another sure-fire choice is the Raval neighbourhood, where you’ll find an abundance of multicultural venues, and streets teeming with life.

Or else you could opt to take a bus tour that includes dinner and a flamenco show.

The “Movida” in Spain, or how to party all night long


A good way to enjoy the nightlife on offer in Barcelona is by dancing to all hours of the night to the latest techno sounds. The nightclubs in Barcelona are famous all over the world for their electronic music. Many of the top names come to deejay in the city’s discos. In areas such as the Eixample and Sant Gervasi – Santaló there are numerous venues where techno sounds can be heard all night. Particularly lively spots include the well-known Gaixample, much frequented by the LGBT community, with its easy-going, anything-goes atmosphere.

In the Poble Nou area there are numerous large discos and spacious bars featuring alternative rock, indie and the latest pop sounds. In the Port Olimpic, one of the city’s most popular areas, the nightlife is intense and sophisticated. If you’re looking for cutting-edge design, the latest trends and good cocktail bars, you should opt for El Born, where the music attracts a wide range of personalities from Barcelona’s night scene.

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