Peñalara, mountain peaks. Sierra de Guadarrama National Park

Sierra de Guadarrama National Park




Lokalitet

Sierra de Guadarrama National Park

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    Biosfärområde, erkännande från UNESCO till särskilda naturområden.




Beskrivning

An exceptional refuge for biodiversity

The National Park extends over the Sierra de Guadarrama mountain range, whose highest peak is the Peñalara summit. Other outstanding features include the Puerto de Navafría pass and the La Morcuera and Siete Picos mountain ranges.

All these mountainous areas are much frequented by hiking and climbing enthusiasts. The cooler and more humid conditions to be found in these mountains, plus the fact that it is so little affected by human activity, have made these mountains an exceptional refuge for biodiversity. Its physical features include glacial cirques and lakes, and granite rock fields, and its plant landscapes are formed by high-mountain ecosystems and extensive forests of Scots pine.

Kommun

Madrid (Madrid)

Alameda del Valle, Becerril de la Sierra, Boalo, El, Cercedilla, Lozoya, Manzanares el Real, Miraflores de la Sierra, Navacerrada, Navarredonda y San Mamés, Pinilla del Valle, Rascafría, Soto del Real

Segovia (Castile-Leon)

Aldealengua de Pedraza, Basardilla, Collado Hermoso, Espinar, El, Losa, La, Navafría, Navas de Riofrío, Palazuelos de Eresma, San Ildefonso, Santiuste de Pedraza, Santo Domingo de Pirón, Segovia, Sotosalbos, Torre Val de San Pedro, Torrecaballeros, Trescasas


Lokalitet

Around 64% of the protected space lies within the region of Madrid and the rest belongs to the province of Segovia, in the region of Castile-León.


  • Typ av område National park
  • Yta 33.960 hektar

Vad kan du göra


  • Parkutflykter

Karta

Tillgänglighet och omgivning

Kulturell information

Over the centuries this territory has been a place of traditional skills that have shaped its local culture. The remains of shepherds cabins can still be seen on the mountain tops, alongside sheep-shearing stations and the brick chimneys of old sawmills. Indeed, until the mid-20th century it was common to encounter migratory flocks in the Sierra de Guadarrama mountains, and there are a number of pathways that follow the ancient cattle migration routes. The villages that form part of the park celebrate a variety of popular festivities featuring traditional festivals relating to livestock and pilgrimages, which generally take place in spring and summer.

Miljöinformation

This park is home to a wide diversity of habitats and species of flora and fauna. Some 40% of the animal species in Spain can be found in the park, in addition to an estimated 1,000 plant species, of which almost 100 are native to this area. In spite of the abundance of mammals, it is very uncommon to encounter them. Its fauna includes particularly the Iberian imperial eagle, the black vulture, the black stork, the Spanish moon moth and the Iberian frog. Its characteristic landscape comprises oak stands that extend along the valley floor, grasslands on the summits, and pine forests growing on the mountain slopes. Meanwhile, La Pedriza de Manzanares is the best example of the granite rock fields that are common throughout this mountain range; the Pinar de la Acebeda is among the most imposing wild pine forests, and the Peñalara is the perfect symbol of the high-mountain environment of the Guadarrama range.  

Besökscenter

Peñalara Visitor Centre

Lokalitet

Puerto de Los Cotos, carretera M - 604, kilómetro 42
28740 Rascafría (Madrid)

Kontaktinformation

Tfn:: [+34 918520857]
casaparqueloscotos@madrid.org


Tider

  • Från Måndag till Söndag Från 08:00 till 18:00

Valsaín Valley (Boca del Asno) Visitor Centre

Lokalitet

Carretera CL-601, km. 14,3
40109 San Ildefonso (Segovia)


Tider

  • Från Måndag till Torsdag Från 09:00 till 16:30
  • Fredag Från 09:00 till 15:00
  • Helgdagar och Lördag Från 09:30 till 14:00 Från 15:00 till 17:30

La Fuenfría Valley Visitor Centre

Lokalitet

Carretera de las Dehesas, kilómetro 2
28470 Cercedilla (Madrid)

Kontaktinformation

Tfn:: [+34 918522213]
http://redcentros.fuenfria@madrid.org


Tider

  • Från Onsdag till Fredag Från 10:00 till 15:00
  • Helgdagar och Veckoslut Från 10:00 till 18:00
  • Stängt: Måndag, Tisdag

La Pedriza Visitor Centre

Lokalitet

Camino de la Pedriza, s/n.
28410 Manzanares el Real (Madrid)

Kontaktinformation

Tfn:: [+34 918539978]
redcentros.manzanares@madrid.org


Tider

  • Från Onsdag till Fredag Från 10:00 till 15:00
  • Helgdagar och Veckoslut Från 10:00 till 18:00
  • Stängt: Måndag, Tisdag

El Paular Valley Visitor Centre

Lokalitet

Ctra. M-604 km 27,6
28740 Rascafría (Madrid)

Kontaktinformation

Tfn:: [+34 918691757]
eavallelozoya@gmail.com


Tider

  • Från Onsdag till Fredag Från 10:00 till 15:00
  • Lördag Från 10:00 till 18:00
  • Helgdagar och Söndag Från 10:00 till 15:00
  • Closed: 1 and 6 January, 24, 25 and 31 December
  • Stängt: Måndag, Tisdag, Torsdag
  • Stängt under perioden Från jan 16 till jan 31