Saldaña is a town which forms part of the Saldaña-Valdavia region of Palencia. Prominent among its typically Castilian buildings is the church of San Pedro, currently the site of the Monographic Museum of Villa de La Olmeda.
Situated in the neighbouring town of Pedrosa de la Vega, this archaeological site preserves ‘in situ’ a Roman villa dating from the 3rd century AD, from which a splendid collection of Latin mosaics featuring representational figures and vegetation has been rescued. Next to the main building are the thermal baths and, in the vecinity of the country estate, a necropolis and the remains of the main building of another villa belonging to an earlier age (1st and 2nd centuries AD).
The pieces found on these sites are currently on display in the Monographic Museum established in Saldaña. The exhibition has a collection of objects of everyday use: necklaces, coins, tools, bronze horse harnesses, glass, ceramics and funeral offerings. You can also see a model of the excavation and archaeological remains from other parts of the region, such as the silver Mozarab paten of Valcabado, dating from the 10th or 11th century.
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