Casa de Juntas
Interior Casa de Juntas
Escultura de Chillida
The town sits in the valley of the river Oka, which flows into the Gernika estuary. Very close by is the Urdaibai Nature Reserve, which UNESCO has declared to be a Biosphere Reserve.The cave of Santimamiñe (Kortezubi) shows that the valley has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Inside are cave paintings comparable in terms of quality and richness to those of Altamira. From that period on, Gernika was inhabited by successive civilizations until its foundation as a town in 1366.In town, you must visit the Casa de Juntas del Señorío de Vizcaya (the meeting hall of the gentlemen of VIzcaya), with its symbolic tree - the Basque leaders used to meet under it to decide on the interests of the community-, the “juradera” church of Santa María, the Museum of Euskalerria and the Parque de la Paz (park of peace), with colossal sculptures by Eduardo Chillida and Henry Moore.In 1937, during the Civil War, the town was totally destroyed by German aircraft sent by Hitler. This experimental act, which inspired Picasso's legendary painting, was the first of similar atrocities carried out in subsequent wars. En 1987, the 50th anniversary of the bombing was held along with the Preliminary Congress of the World Association of Martyred Cities. Gernika has earned the title of “peace symbol city', twinning with other cities and making commitments to cooperating with them in the fields of culture, education, and industry: Berga (Catalonia), Pforzheim (Germany) and Boise (Idaho - USA).
빼놀 수 없는 것
다음 지도에서 저희가 제안해 드린 필수 방문지들이 어디에 위치해 있는지 확인하실 수 있습니다. 이 기회를 놓치지 마세요!
최고의 경험을 예약하세요
Bilbao and Basque Country Guided 7-Day Tour from Bilbao
Bizkaia Coast seen from the sky
Basque Country 5-Day Guided Tour
On a Gernika Monday