How to get around Madrid
Madrid is a large city, but it has the advantage of having most of its monuments, museums and points of interest concentrated within a relatively small central area, meaning you can explore it on foot. If you walk from one end of this tourist area to another without stopping at a good pace, it will take about two hours. However, Madrid's extensive public transport system means you can get to any point in the city quickly and conveniently.
Access to the historic centre from the airport and Madrid's main train and bus stations is quick and easy using the metro (for information on how to get into the city from the airport, see the How to get there section). It runs every day from 6 am to 1:30 am, and metro station entrances are marked with the letter 'M'. Buses are also a good option. They operate from approximately 6 am to 11:30 pm on Mondays to Fridays and run on special bus lanes in the city's principal streets. Bus routes and their frequency are displayed at the stops. You can travel with rucksacks (as long as they are held in the hand and not on the back), with suitcases (the same size as airline hand luggage) and with folding bicycles. On Saturdays and Sundays they run from approximately 7 am to 11 pm. To get around at night there are special night buses, popularly known as "búhos" ("owls"). They depart from Plaza de Cibeles square and have an 'N' in front of the route number. They run from Sunday to Friday and on public holidays from 11:55 pm to 6 am. On Saturdays and the eve of public holidays they run from 11 pm to 7 am. Nevertheless, many people prefer the comfort of taxis when travelling at night. They run all day, and are white with a red stripe, and the city's crest and their licence number on the side. They can be hailed in the street when the green light is on. Otherwise they can be found at taxi ranks or you can order them by telephone using the radio taxi service. Tariffs are displayed inside the taxis and comprise the minimum fare, flag-down charge, kilometre charge and other extras such as night service, public holidays, and station or airport service. The total cost is displayed on a meter. To get to Madrid's suburbs and surrounding areas, you can either take the bus or the train. Renfe Cercanias, the local train service, runs from 5-6 am to around midnight, and offers frequent daily services to places of interest for tourists such as Alcalá de Henares, El Escorial and Aranjuez.
There are several tickets and passes available. A single ticket on the metro costs €1.50 (5 stations) or €2 (10 or more stations). You can also buy the combined ticket, valid throughout the Madrid Region metro network, for €3, and the Metrobus card, valid for both metro and bus services, €12.20 for 10 journeys. From 2018, all these travel passes will be combined in the reloadable Multi Card. They can be purchased and reloaded at tobacconists and other authorised points of sale, as well as metro stations, for €2.50.
http://www.crtm.es/billetes-y-tarifas/tarjeta-multi.aspx You can buy a single bus ticket from the bus driver for €1.50.http://www.emtmadrid.es/HomeFor the train you can either buy a single ticket for €1.70, or a 'bonotren' pass costing €10.00, valid for ten trips.http://www.crtm.es/billetes-y-tarifas/billetes-y-abonos/cercanias-renfe.aspx?idPestana=3 Another option is the tourist ticket. These can be used by the holder only and offer unlimited use of the metro, bus and local train services. They are available for one, two, three, five or seven days, and prices range from €8.40 to €70.80. Children under 11 receive a 50% discount. There are two types: for travel within the city of Madrid only; and for travel throughout the whole region (T-Zone), including towns such as Alcalá de Henares, Aranjuez, El Escorial, Toledo and Guadalajara. Among other points, they can be purchased from the Regional Transport Consortium, in metro stations, at the Passenger Service Centre in the metro station at the airport, or via the Internet.http://www.esmadrid.com/abono-turistico-de-transporte-madridTourist tickets can also be loaded onto a Multi Card. Also, if the first product loaded onto a Multi Card is a tourist ticket, you don’t need to pay the €2.50 cost of the card. The most convenient optionThe best option will depend on where you are staying, the number of journeys you wish to make, and the number of people travelling. The central tourist area has excellent transport facilities, with numerous metro stops and bus routes. The vast majority of local people get about using the 10-journey Multi Card, which is much cheaper than getting single tickets. It lets the holder use both bus and metro services, has no expiry date, and is transferable, so it can be shared by more than one person.Tourist passes are only valid for one person and offer unlimited use of public transport for a specified period.
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The Madrid Sightseeing Bus runs to the city's most emblematic spots and monuments. Tickets are valid for one or two days, and cost €21 and €25. There are discounts for under 16s and over 65s. It is free for children under six, and there are discounts for families.http://madrid.city-tour.com/esAnother original trip is the cable car which runs from Paseo Pintor Rosales to the Casa de Campo park. Prices range from €4.20 to €5.90. (Currently closed for refurbishment)Another option is to get around by bike, for example with the BiciMadrid service. The price for occasional use of these bikes is €2 the first hour and €4 for every additional hour. More information: http://www.bicimad.com