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Biblioteca del Monasterio del Escorial. Madrid.

所在地

自治州 :
Madrid

県/島 :
Madrid

Madrid

  • x

    世界遺産、ユネスコから授与される認証。


エル・エスコリアル
人口は9千人。グアダラマ山脈の南麓、標高1000メートルのところにある町で、マドリッド市民のレクリエーションの場として週末は賑わいます。ここには、フェリぺ2世が精魂を傾けて建てた巨大な修道院が威風を誇るかのように、その姿をみせています。 交通
マドリッドの各駅から近郊電車が頻繁に出ています。所要約1時間。エスコリアル駅から修道院近くまでは連絡バスがあります。 また、マドリッドから定期バスを利用すると1時間。ガラパガール経由とグアダラマ経由の2種類あり、合計1日8~10便。観光バスを利用すると、カイドス渓谷やトレドとあわせてまわるコースがあります。車の場合マドリッドからラ・コルーニャ高速道路経由で48キロ。 見どころ
サン・ロレンソ修道院  フェリペ2世が1563年から20年余りをかけて建てさせたものです。グアダラマの花崗岩を使い、幅207メ一トル、奥行き161メートルという規模で、スペインの黄金時代を象徴するかのように、悠然としたかまえです。フェリペ2世は、この修道院をみずからの住まいとしての宮殿と、歴代の王朝も兼ねたものにしました。内部は、フェリペ2世時代の部分が非常に簡素なつくりであるのに対して、のちのボルボント王家が使った別の部分には、タベストリ一やこった装飾が目につきます。絵画館では、ティツィアノ、ベロネス、ルーベンス、 リベーラ、ベラスケスほかすばらしいコレクンョンの数々が楽しめます。また礼拝堂内部の天井は、ルーカ・ジョルダノの手によるフレスコ画ですし、大祭壇は、高さ30メートルというとてつもない大きさです 八角形の王朝には、カルロス5世を筆頭に代々の王が、祭壇に向かって左側にに、王妃が右側にねむっています。

詳細

The Madrid-region town of San Lorenzo del Escorial, a Historic-Artistic Site, grew up around the Monastery of El Escorial. This architectural gem, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, was ordered to be built by Felipe II in the 16th century to commemorate the Battle of San Quintín. An urban layout slowly developed around it, since the aristocrats and middle classes from the capital had their summer residences erected here. It is, in short, an elegant town rich in architectural heritage and surrounded by mountains and forests. The Monastery The Royal Monastery is a complex structure designed by Juan Bautista de Toledo and built by Juan de Herrera. The simplicity of its lines focus all the attention on the harmony of its courtyards, fountains, cloisters and towers. More than 4,000 rooms are distributed among the principal areas. The Courtyard of the Kings of Judea gives way to the Basilica, which has a dome base measuring 95 metres and paintings by Lucas Jordán among its major features. San Lorenzo was also built to house the Royal Pantheon and the Spanish monarchs from the houses of Habsburg and Bourbon are buried here. The princes, infantes and queens who died without leaving royal descendents rest in the Pantheon of the Infantes. In the Museum of Architecture there are documents concerning the work carried out to build the Monastery, which state that grand masters came from all over Europe to participate in its construction. Also outstanding are the great many manuscripts (in Arab, Greek and Latin) in its Library and the invaluable collection of paintings in the Chapter Houses. El Greco, Ribera, Tiziano, Velázquez or Bosch are just some of the artists whose work is on display. Tiziano, Veronés, Zurbarán and Tintoretto await the visitor in the Painting Museum. San Lorenzo de El Escorial Between the Exchange, an enormous square surrounding this architectural site, and the street of Floridablanca is the sober structure of the Servants' and Guest Quarters. Designed to house the palace outbuildings, they are remarkable for their ashlar stones and slate rooves. Meanwhile, the current University of Santa Cristina was built to house the ovens, kitchens, stables, the blacksmiths and other monastery outbuildings, the so-called Servants' Quarters. Forming part of the urban design of this town, we well also find the House of the Infantes and the Queen, the Coliseum of Carlos III and other exceptional buildings. Houses and Small Palaces yield to the rationalist urban development which the symmetry of the Monastery sustains. The Palace of the Marquis of Campo Villar, the house of the Duke of Medinaceli or the House of the Columns are some wonderful examples. The current Euroforum, a place where the Summer Courses of the Madrid Complutense University are held, was in its day the house of the Families of the Infantes. Remodelled on several occasions over the centuries, it boasts the title of Historic--Artistic Monument. In the Herrería estate, with marvellous views over San Lorenzo, is theCottage of the Infante, or Higher Cottage. This small palace was ordered to be built by Infante Don Gabriel de Bourbon, son of Carlos III, to distance himself from palace protocol. Its layout and its gardens are the work of Juan de Villanueva. Gastronomy and surrounding area In San Lorenzo de El Escorial the visitor can also sample genuine Madrid and mountain cuisine. Snails, potato omelette and cold meats will serve as appetizers. Madrid stew (chickpeas, meat and vegetables), tripe and garlic soup are steeped in the purest Castilian tradition. Among the main courses, Guadarrama mountain beef is cooked on the grill, while lamb and suckling pig are prepared in the oven. Sea bream and cod are the preferred fish in the central region. And for dessert, aniseed "rosquillas", custard "canutitos" or almond "mantecados". Ávila, Segovia, Toledo and Madrid are cities worth visiting during a stay in San Lorenzo de El Escorial. The first three have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO and possess historic quarters of unquestionable historic-artistic value. The walls and churches of Ávila; the aqueduct, Fortress and Cathedral of Segovia; and the cultural blend of Toledo are some of the principal charms. Madrid, meanwhile, has old quarters, such as Habsburg and Bourbon Madrid, where the visitor can take a quiet stroll and stop at the many monuments. The Prado, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum and the Reina Sofía National Art Centre, along with National Archaeological Museum, are some of the musts. A cosmopolitan city which has a number of shopping areas, green spaces and leisure spots, where the cultural programme allows for the most varied artistic expression.

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