このウェブサイトは、最高のユーザーエクスペリエンスを確保するためにCookie(クッキー)を使用しています。あなたが閲覧を続ける場合は、クッキーの使用に同意するものと見なされます。詳細情報、または設定を変更する方法をお知りになりたい場合は次をご覧ください。 クッキーポリシー



所在地

自治州 :
Basque Country

県/島 :
Vizcaya - Bizkaia

Bizkaia

  • x

    サンティアゴ巡礼道、最初の「ヨーロッパ文化の道」認定そして世界遺産。 詳細


The town sits in the valley of the river Oka, which flows into the Gernika estuary. Very close by is the Urdaibai Nature Reserve, which UNESCO has declared to be a Biosphere Reserve.The cave of Santimamiñe (Kortezubi) shows that the valley has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Inside are cave paintings comparable in terms of quality and richness to those of Altamira. From that period on, Gernika was inhabited by successive civilizations until its foundation as a town in 1366.In town, you must visit the Casa de Juntas del Señorío de Vizcaya (the meeting hall of the gentlemen of VIzcaya), with its symbolic tree - the Basque leaders used to meet under it to decide on the interests of the community-, the “juradera” church of Santa María, the Museum of Euskalerria and the Parque de la Paz (park of peace), with colossal sculptures by Eduardo Chillida and Henry Moore.In 1937, during the Civil War, the town was totally destroyed by German aircraft sent by Hitler. This experimental act, which inspired Picasso's legendary painting, was the first of similar atrocities carried out in subsequent wars. En 1987, the 50th anniversary of the bombing was held along with the Preliminary Congress of the World Association of Martyred Cities. Gernika has earned the title of “peace symbol city', twinning with other cities and making commitments to cooperating with them in the fields of culture, education, and industry: Berga (Catalonia), Pforzheim (Germany) and Boise (Idaho - USA).




必見スポット



マップ/所在地