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Great Mosque of Cordoba

所在地

自治州 :
Andalucía

県/島 :
Córdoba

Córdoba

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    世界遺産、ユネスコから授与される認証。


コルドバ、華やかさというよりいぶし銀のような風格を秘めた町で、千年程前ここに一大文化が栄え、ヨーロッパ随一の大都会を形成していたとは想像し難いかもしれません。コルドバが花開いたのはローマの植民地「ベティカ」の時代で、後の10世紀イスラム教カリフ王国の時代に最盛期を迎えます。当時のコルドバの人口は100万近くに達したとも言われ、現存する大回教徒寺院をはじめ市内には300ものイスラム寺院がありました。また学問の町でもあり、医学・天文学・哲学・文学等など諸学問の中心地であり、古今東西の文献はここで翻訳されヨーロッパ全土へと流布されてゆきました。すぐれた学者を輩出し、国外からの留学生も多数受け入れていたとされています。 コルドバ市は人口は現在約31万5千人で、コルドバ県を南北にわけるような形で東から西へ流れるグアダルキビール川の中央に位置します。グアダルキビールとはアラブ語で「大いなる川」という意味で、この川に潤おされたコルドバの土地は、穀物、綿花、ぶどう、オリーブ等を主に産出しています。コルドバ市内は回教寺院(メスキータ)はもちろん、白壁に色々の花々がよく映える旧ユダヤ人街や中庭(パティオ)の美しさも必見です。6-7月頃、周囲のゆるやかな丘陵地帯に連なる「ひまわり」の畑は壮観です。

詳細

Without disregarding its splendid past, Cordoba is definitely a modern city that has been able to adapt to the present day, offering the most modern infrastructures and services, as well as a large network of hotels. Very well connected to the other Andalusian capitals, Cordoba also has the high speed train (AVE) and a very extensive railway network linking it to all the big cities, like Madrid and Seville. Once inside the city, a large network of buses and taxis enable visitors to reach any destination in a few minutes. Cordoba is also synonymous with art, culture and leisure, thanks to a myriad of cultural events that are organised here throughout the year: Flamenco festivals, concerts, ballet and other activities that are complemented by a number of museums and an exciting nightlife.Meanwhile, the province is home to important buildings of the Andalusian heritage, whose highest expression is the Medina Azahara, located on the outskirts of the city. But there is great spectacle also for nature lovers. The parks of Sierra de Cardeña in Los Pedroches and Montoro, the Hornachuelos Sierra and Sierras Subbéticas offer the possibility of practising all kinds of open-air sports, while at the same time enjoying the natural wealth of this province.

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必見スポット



マップ/所在地



コルドバ あなたに

文化

コルドバ・カリフ王国のいにしえの栄華が際立つ町

コルドバの歴史地区は世界遺産に指定されており、コルドバ・カリフ王国の古の栄華の足跡を今に残しています。ヨーロッパ中世において最も文化の進んだ洗練された都市でした

メスキータ(回教寺院)  コルドバの回教寺院はメッカにある世界最大のカーバ回教寺院に次ぐ大規模のもので、コルドバ・カリフ王朝の絶頂期を象徴する記念碑といえます。着工・完成ともに8世紀後期ですが、歴代の王はメスキータの改築が増改築を重ね、現在に近い建物になりました。13世紀、キリスト教徒の時代に移り、この回教寺院の建物中央部がキリスト教のカテドラルに改造されました。
 

詳細

Cultural Cordoba

In the 13th century under Ferdinand III the Saint, new defensive structures were built, such as the Alcázar fortress of the Christian Monarchs and the Calahorra Tower. The Alcázar is a defensive construction next to the Guadalquivir River, with magnificent gardens, fountains and irrigation channels behind its walls. On the other side of the San Raphael Triumph monument and the Roman bridge, you'll find the tower, which was part of castle walls. The city of Cordoba is built around many squares. El Potro, Corredera and Capuchinos, where the Christ of the Lanterns sculpture is found, are three beautiful examples of meeting points in Cordoba. Standout buildings in the historic centre include the churches of San Pedro, San Andrés or La Compañía. If you like museums, in Cordoba you will find the Bullfighting Museum, the Archaeological Museum, the Fine Arts Museum, and the Julio Romero de Torres Museum. The Archaeology Museum with its Iberian, Roman, Visigoth, Muslim, Mudejar and Renaissance items, can be found in the Renaissance Palace of the Páez family. The Fine Arts Museum, situated in the old La Caridad Hospital, houses an interesting collection of work mostly by Andalusian artists. Highlights include drawings by Valdés Leal, Zurbarán, Murillo, Palomino, Antonio del Castillo and Juan de Peñalosa, and sculptures by Juan de Mesa and Mateo Inurria. The Museum of Fine Arts shares its courtyard with the Julio Romero de Torres Museum, which houses the work by this Cordoba-born painter, who became very popular thanks to his paintings full of customs, symbolism and a certain halo of mystery. The Diocesan Museum of Fine Arts, in the old Episcopal Palace, dedicates a room to artists from the province. Another important room is the one dedicated to medieval art, and the collection of tapestries and choir books from the cathedral also stands out. The Casa de las Bulas (16th century) houses the Bullfighting Museum, which has a bullfighting-related collection, and many of the items are closely connected with the bullfighting tradition in the city. Cordoba also has major art centres including La Merced Palace, housing the regional government, and Viana Palace, also known as the Patios Museum. Its rooms, as well as rich furniture, contain important collections of paintings, tapestries, china, tiles and firearms. The many exhibition spaces in the city are not less important, such as the Sala Capitulares.

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Active

Protected spaces with a high ecological value

People who love nature and sports with a low impact on the environment will find protected spaces with a high ecological value in the province of Cordoba. Some of them are the nature parks of Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro, Sierra de Hornachuelos and Sierras Subbéticas.

These spaces have many hiking routes and the chance to practise climbing, caving, mountain biking and paragliding. Routes along the banks of the Guadalquivir River and the Cordoba countryside will enable you to discover the natural treasures in this province. Cordoba is great for hunting, especially in the Sierra Morena mountains. There are several controlled hunted areas - more than 200 private reserves and 1,300 small game reserves. The Guadalquivir Reserve and its tributaries, as well as the reservoirs, offer ideal places for pole fishing. Golf lovers will also be able to enjoy the excellent facilities that the Cordoba Country Club and Pozoblanco Golf Club offer, both with 18 holes.    


ガストロノミー

バラエティに富んだ内陸の産品

一年中見られるオレンジの色、そして春にはオレンジの花の香りがバラエティに富んだ料理を堪能するに理想的な雰囲気をかもし出し、町のほとんどのバルやレストランで提供されるイベリコ豚の生ハムや腸詰類、チーズ、魚そして特に素晴らしい煮込み料理を、コルドバでは格別な味をもつ「ヘネロソ」と呼ばれる酒精強化ワインを飲みながらご賞味いただけます。

歴史地区やサン・アンドレス、サン・ロレンソやサンタ・マリナの地区には、「タパスとよばれるつまみの食べ歩き」にぴったりの「タベルナ」と呼ばれる居酒屋がたくさんあります。バルで美味しいコルドバワイン(できればモンティーリャ-モリレスの原産地呼称付き)の梯子酒をしながら、ワインを注文するとしばしばサービスで出される様々な郷土料理の小皿を試すのです。例えば、カタクチイワシの酢漬けやコルドバ特有の生ハム入りのフラメンキン(豚のフィレ肉で巻いたカツレツ)をつまみにご賞味いただけます。飲食店でのチップは義務ではありませんが、一般的な習慣ではあります。

手の込んだ料理をお探しの方には歴史地区や町の中心街で素晴らしいレストランを見つけることができるでしょう。ご注文の際には、この地方の料理にはサルモレホ(トマト、パンとオリーブオイルをベースにした冷たいクリームスープ)、雄牛の尻尾の煮込み、コルドバ風ケーキ(「天使の髪」と呼ばれる白カボチャの砂糖煮を詰めたパイ)などがあることをお忘れなく。


For young people

A wide range of activities for young people

Cordoba is a cheerful, lively city, which is why it makes such an easy connection with young people.

One of the main customs is to spend the evening at the terraces and ice-cream parlours or to make the rounds of the best of the traditional inns and taverns. Many of these have a particular look and some, such as the famous "Pepe el de la Judería" ("Pepe of the Jewish Quarter"), now belong to the living history of the city. Other experiences you can't miss in Cordoba are the shows in one of the flamenco clubs (look for them in the Jewish Quarter) or one of the guided night tours that start in Plaza de las Tendillas. Later in the night, when its discotheques, pubs and fashionable nightspots open, Cordoba becomes a party town where you can enjoy music and dancing into the early hours of the morning. You'll find these places in the centre and the area surrounding the Town Hall, as well as in areas such as El Arenal, Ciudad Jardín or Polígono Chinales. Or if you prefer, the city and its surroundings have great leisure centres, with shops, restaurants and multiplex cinemas, such as Cines El Arcángel, Zoco Multicines and Guadalquivir Cinemas. Student Card holders enjoy big reductions on the admission price. This ID will also give discounts on admission to the majority of the city's museums and exhibitions. Cordoba's calendar of leisure events includes an attractive range of festivals covering different fields of the arts: music, theatre, cinema, etc. Some of them have a long tradition in the province, as in the case of "Pop-Zoblanco", a summer festival open to upcoming young pop and rock artists. In July and August Cordoba organises the "Noches de embrujo" (Nights of Enchantment) festival, where horse and flamenco shows take place every night; as well as music, dance and theatre festivals; performances inside the monuments, recitals… Film lovers will head for the Audiovisual Creation Competition of Cabra, which focuses of the world of short films. Other very attractive festivals include the Theatre Fair of the South, held annually in Palma del Río, and Sensxperiment, which gathers the latest trends in multimedia and experimental art. There is also a cultural theme park recreating the ancient splendour of the Caliphate of Cordoba, called Ciudad Al Mansur. This space includes a faithful reproduction of a medieval Hispanic-Moorish city, with gardens, a mosque, a palace and typical Arab street markets.


With children

Fun for all the family

In Cordoba there are many green spaces around the city, where you can go for a stroll, and for children to have fun. The Botanical Gardens, situated on the right side of the Guadalquivir River, are one of the main places for this.

This place has an Ethnobotanical Museum, the only one of its type in Spain and teaches about the relationship of the human race with plants. Most of it is outdoors, with large wooded areas. It has a greenhouse divided into different microclimates. Opposite the Botanical Gardens is Cordoba Zoo, which is designed as a garden with abundant vegetation. Here children will be able to discover a little about the local fauna. However, in the capital there are also many other charming spaces, such as the Moorish-style Alcázar gardens, with pools, water jets, hedges and aromatic plants; the Paseo de la Victoria, together with the Diego de Rivas and the Vallellano gardens, a beautiful urban green area; or the Ribera Gardens, situated in the Guadalquivir riverbed, with islets, waterfowl and old mills, as well as the Albolafía waterwheel. Like any large city, Cordoba has a good number of cinemas. Most of them screen films in special children's matinees on weekends and public holidays, with special prices for children.

詳細

Córdoba con niños

The rest of the province of Cordoba also offers many activities for children. In the town of La Carlota, surrounded by nature, youngsters will be able to visit the Fuente Redonda Educational Farm and to learn first-hand about the rural way of life. The facilities include, among others, a stable, an orchard, a swimming pool, and other recreational areas. During the summer, Aquasierra opens its doors to combat the heat with water and many cool rides. This water park, 25 kilometres from Cordoba city, will provide unforgettable days of fun days for people of all ages.

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ショッピング

コルドバの工芸品には銀製品とレザークラフトがあります。銀細工のアクセサリー、銀食器、室内装飾品等が手頃なお土産になります。

ほかに、ルセナの銅・真鍮製品、ラ・ランブラの陶器、カストロ・デル・リオのオリーブ材の家具も知られています。コルドバの国営民芸品店(Artespaña)はポトロ広場の「はたごやポトロ」だったところにあります。ユダヤ人街を散策する際はエル・ソコ(EI Zoco)に寄るのも良いでしょう。

Other information of interest

Opening times: 大きなチェーン店やショッピングセンターなど、いくつかの店は10:00から21:00まで。伝統的な小売店は10:00から13:30と17:00から20:30まで。Sales: 冬のバーゲンは通常1月の第2週から2月末まで、夏のバーゲンは7月1日から8月末まで。How to pay: 現金またはクレジットカード。カードをご使用の際はパスポートなど身分証明が必要です。Tax Free: 欧州連合(EU)外からの旅行者は、付加価値税(VAT)を払いますが、90.15ユーロ以上の買い物の時は返却されます。






Business

Modern facilities for trade fairs and conventions

Cordoba, a traditional melting pot of different cultures, stands today as an important business centre. For this purpose, the city offers the most modern facilities, which can host all kinds of trade fairs, conventions and forums, both national and international.

Quick and easy access to the city is possible thanks to the location of Cordoba Airport, a few kilometres away from the city centre, and the Madrid-Sevilla high speed train (AVE). The IFECO, the Cordoba Institute of Fairs and Exhibitions, organises exhibitions and shows at the San Carlos Trade Fair Centre, located beside the N-IV motorway. The Congress and Exhibition Hall, equipped with versatile rooms, auditoriums, press rooms and other facilities, plays host to many conferences, seminars, and business meetings. Cordoba also has an excellent network of accommodation to meet visitors' needs. The city boasts a varied selection of four-star hotels, in exceptional locations to the north of the capital on the slope of the sierra, and in the historic quarter, within walking distance of all the main monuments. Among these, the Parador de Córdoba, located on the slopes of the mountain, gives wonderful views of the countryside and the city. In addition, the city provides wide range of three-star accommodation. Cordoba's many tourist attractions include numerous cinemas, museums, restaurants, pavement cafés, and so on. All this goes along with the Andalusian charm of the area around the Mosque-Cathedral, by day or by night.